Table 1.

Demographic, neighborhood, and clinical characteristics of the cohort and stratified by race continued

Entire cohortWhiteBlackOther
Characteristic, n (%)n = 51,350n = 46,573n = 3,261n = 1,516P
Age, years (mean, SD)72.6 (11.6)72.9 (11.5)70.1 (12.5)71.3 (12.1)<0.001
Gender
 Male36,679 (71.4)33,754 (72.5)1,836 (56.3)1,089 (71.8)<0.001
 Female14,671 (28.6)12,819 (27.5)1,425 (43.7)427 (28.2)
Charlson comorbidity index
 035,225 (68.6)31,941 (68.6)2,165 (66.4)1,119 (73.8)<0.001
 111,739 (22.9)10,677 (22.9)759 (23.3)303 (20)
 2+4,386 (8.5)3,955 (8.5)337 (10.3)94 (6.2)
Annual household incomea
 <$38,0009,379 (18.3)7,702 (16.5)1,486 (45.6)191 (12.6)<0.001
 $38,000–47,99912,683 (24.7)11,636 (25)746 (22.9)301 (19.9)
 $48,000–62,99913,816 (26.9)12,819 (27.5)575 (17.6)422 (27.8)
 ≥$63,00015,472 (30.1)14,416 (31)454 (13.9)602 (39.7)
% Without HS educationa
 >21%8,634 (16.8)7,127 (15.3)1,216 (37.3)291 (19.2)<0.001
 13%–20.9%13,169 (25.7)11,652 (25)1,174 (36)343 (22.6)
 7%–12.9%17,570 (34.2)16,492 (35.4)588 (18)490 (32.3)
 <7%11,977 (23.3)11,302 (24.3)283 (8.7)392 (25.9)
Insurance status
 Not insured1,139 (2.2)943 (2)145 (4.5)51 (3.4)<0.001
 Private insurance12,568 (24.5)11,424 (24.5)750 (23)394 (26)
 Medicaid1,681 (3.3)1,285 (2.8)262 (8)134 (8.8)
 Medicare34,733 (67.6)31,863 (68.4)1,996 (61.2)874 (57.7)
 Other government465 (0.9)408 (0.9)37 (1.1)20 (1.3)
 Unknown/not reported764 (1.5)650 (1.4)71 (2.2)43 (2.8)
Miles to hospital, median (IQR)9.5 (4.1–25.2)10 (4.2–26.1)5.7 (2.8–13.2)8.7 (3.8–24.2)<0.001
 <10 miles25,752 (50.2)22,753 (48.9)2,194 (67.28)805 (53.1)<0.001
 10–50 miles18,085 (35.2)16,814 (36.1)781 (24)490 (32.2)
 >50 miles7,513 (14.6)7,006 (15)286 (8.8)221 (14.6)
Year of diagnosis, median (IQR)2009 (2006–2011)2009 (2006–2011)2009 (2006–2011)2009 (2007–2011)0.6
City type
 Metropolitan40,729 (79.3)36,559 (78.5)2,875 (88.2)1,295 (85.4)<0.001
 Urban7,587 (14.8)7,713 (15.4)262 (8)152 (10)
 Rural3,034 (5.9)2,841 (6.1)124 (3.8)69 (4.6)
Hospital type
 Community6,308 (12.3)5,772 (12.4)376 (11.6)160 (10.7)<0.001
 Comprehensive community23,573 (46.1)21,913 (47.2)1,185 (36.7)475 (31.8)
 Academic17,834 (34.9)15,675 (33.8)1,424 (44.1)735 (49.1)
 Integrated cancer network3,319 (6.5)2,948 (6.4)245 (7.6)126 (8.4)
 Other83 (0.2)81 (0.2)2 (0.1)0 (0)
Histology present
 Urothelial CA46,003 (89.6)41,884 (89.9)2,809 (86.1)1,350 (89.1)<0.001
 Variant5,347 (10.4)4,729 (10.2)452 (13.9)166 (11)
Mean days from diagnosis to ApT11.3 (25.5)10.2 (30.4)11.2 (28.2)11.3 (25.5)0.03
Appropriate treatment received
 Yes21,867 (42.6)20,010 (43)1,205 (37)652 (43)<0.001
  • NOTE: Year of diagnosis not shown.

  • Abbreviations: CA, carcinoma; HS, high school.

  • aVariables based on neighborhood-level measures.