Table 2.

Financial hardship and limiting care due to cost by participant characteristics

No financial hardshipAny financial hardshipNo limiting care due to costAny limiting care due to cost
N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)
505 (53.9)432 (46.1)799 (82.4)171 (17.6)
Age (mean, SD)61.2 (8.9)57.3 (8.9)59.9 (9.2)58.6 (8.6)
Age
 <60214 (42.4)253 (58.6)378 (47.3)93 (54.4)
 60–69197 (39.0)151 (34.5)299 (37.4)63 (36.8)
 ≥7094 (18.6)30 (6.9)122 (15.3)15 (8.8)
Sex
 Women286 (56.6)287 (66.4)495 (62.0)108 (63.2)
 Men219 (43.4)145 (33.6)304 (38.1)63 (36.8)
Race
 White230 (45.5)157 (36.3)344 (43.1)57 (33.3)
 African American275 (54.5)275 (63.7)455 (57.0)114 (66.7)
Education
 Less than high school66 (13.1)39 (9.0)87 (10.9)23 (13.5)
 High school/GED147 (29.1)137 (31.7)231 (28.9)57 (33.3)
 Some college/2-year degree156 (30.9)168 (38.9)282 (35.3)56 (32.8)
 College graduate/4-year degree133 (26.3)85 (19.7)195 (24.4)32 (18.7)
 Missing3 (0.6)3 (0.6)4 (0.5)3 (1.8)
Income
 <$20,000174 (34.5)200 (46.3)283 (35.4)103 (60.2)
 $20,000–39,99982 (16.2)80 (18.5)135 (16.9)29 (17.0)
 $40,000–59,99964 (12.7)43 (10.0)97 (12.1)14 (8.2)
 $60,000–79,99934 (6.7)33 (7.6)59 (7.4)9 (5.3)
 $80,000+119 (23.6)53 (12.3)172 (21.5)10 (5.9)
 Missing32 (6.3)23 (5.3)53 (6.6)6 (3.5)
Employment status
 Employed full time105 (20.8)83 (19.2)171 (21.4)23 (13.5)
 Employed part time35 (6.9)39 (9.0)64 (8.0)16 (9.4)
 Homemaker20 (4.0)12 (2.8)29 (3.6)6 (3.5)
 Unemployed32 (6.3)52 (12.0)65 (8.1)21 (12.3)
 Retired208 (41.2)127 (29.4)295 (36.9)52 (30.4)
 On medical leave/disability99 (19.6)113 (26.2)164 (20.5)51 (29.8)
 Other/missing6 (1.2)6 (1.4)11 (1.4)2 (1.2)
Marital status
 Married or living with partner266 (52.7)170 (39.4)393 (49.2)54 (31.6)
 Widowed49 (9.7)50 (11.6)77 (9.6)29 (17.0)
 Divorced or separated100 (19.8)107 (24.8)172 (21.5)46 (26.9)
 Never married86 (17.0)102 (23.6)152 (19.0)40 (23.4)
 Missing4 (0.8)3 (0.7)5 (0.63)2 (1.2)
Comorbid conditions (mean, SD)2.6 (1.9)2.5 (1.8)2.5 (1.8)2.8 (2.0)
Comorbid conditions
 None69 (13.7)57 (13.2)114 (14.3)16 (9.4)
 1–2182 (36.0)183 (42.4)308 (38.6)69 (40.4)
 3+254 (50.3)192 (44.4)377 (47.2)86 (50.3)
Cancer site
 Breast202 (40.0)208 (48.2)352 (44.1)81 (47.4)
 Colorectal52 (10.3)45 (10.4)82 (10.3)13 (7.6)
 Lung97 (19.2)83 (19.2)155 (19.4)32 (18.7)
 Prostate154 (30.5)96 (22.2)210 (26.3)45 (26.3)
Any chemotherapy
 No269 (53.6)151 (35.2)375 (47.3)69 (40.6)
 Yes233 (46.4)281 (64.8)418 (52.7)101 (59.4)
Any surgery
 No151 (30.0)126 (29.4)235 (29.6)50 (29.2)
 Yes353 (70.0)303 (70.6)560 (70.4)121 (70.8)
Any radiation
 No210 (41.9)151 (35.5)307 (38.8)63 (37.7)
 Yes291 (58.1)274 (64.5)485 (61.2)104 (62.3)
Multiple treatment types
 No207 (41.2)133 (31.2)300 (37.9)57 (33.7)
 Yes295 (58.8)293 (68.8)492 (62.1)112 (66.3)
Time since diagnosis
 <18 months260 (51.5)225 (52.2)419 (52.4)82 (48.2)
 18+ months245 (48.5)206 (47.8)380 (47.6)88 (51.8)
Any private insurance
 No126 (25.2)162 (37.9)223 (28.2)71 (42.0)
 Yes375 (74.9)265 (62.1)567 (71.8)98 (58.0)
Any Medicare
 No257 (51.2)269 (63.0)440 (55.6)96 (56.8)
 Yes245 (48.8)158 (37.0)352 (44.4)73 (43.2)
Any Medicaid
 No413 (82.4)314 (73.5)635 (80.4)118 (69.8)
 Yes88 (17.6)113 (26.5)155 (19.6)51 (30.2)
  • NOTE: Column percents may not add up to 100 due to rounding.

  • Abbreviation: GED, General Educational Development.