Table 1.

Characteristics of Wave 1 PATH Study adult cigar smokers, cigarette smokers, and never users of tobacco with urinary biomarker data: United States, 2013-2014a,b

Exclusive current cigar smokerExclusive current cigarette smokerCurrent dual cigar/cigarette smoker
Every day (n = 61)Some day (n = 282)Every day (n = 2219)Some day (n = 592)Every day (n = 601)Some day (n = 181)Never tobacco use (n = 1668)
Percent, 95% CIPercent, 95% CIPercent, 95% CIPercent, 95% CIPercent, 95% CIPercent, 95% CIPercent, 95% CI
Sex
 Male82.9 (71.6–90.4)79 (72.4–84.4)46.1 (42.8–49.3)50.7 (44.8–56.5)73.8 (68.2–78.6)66.1 (57.7–73.6)37.6 (35.1–40.1)
 Female17.1 (9.6–28.4)21 (15.6–27.6)53.9 (50.7–57.2)49.3 (43.5–55.2)26.2 (21.4–31.8)33.9 (26.4–42.3)62.4 (59.9–64.9)
Median age (years)42.9 (37.3–48.6)43.6 (38.7–48.6)46.2 (44.3–48.1)35 (31.5–38.5)39.3 (36–42.7)33.7 (28.6–38.8)42.5 (40.6–44.5)
Age group (years)
 18–2414.1 (7.5–24.9)17.4 (13.4–22.3)7.6 (6.1–9.4)18.6 (14.9–23)11.7 (8.7–15.5)26.0 (19.2–34.2)16.3 (14.6–18.1)
 25–3411.5 (5.2–23.5)c18.2 (12.9–24.9)19.9 (17.3–22.7)29.3 (23.6–35.7)24.7 (18.8–31.8)24.3 (17.8–32.4)17.2 (14.7–20.1)
 35–5450.0 (33.9–66.2)31.5 (25.2–38.4)42.6 (39.3–45.9)34.5 (28.5–40.9)41.3 (35.2–47.7)38.4 (29.1–48.6)35.8 (32.3–39.4)
 55+24.4 (13.4–40.3)33.0 (26.4–40.3)30.0 (26.8–33.3)17.7 (14.0–22.1)22.3 (18.1–27.2)11.3 (6.8–18.1)30.7 (27.5–34.1)
Race/ethnicity
 White, non-Hispanic50.7 (35.2–66.1)70.6 (64.0–76.5)70.5 (66.7–74.1)44.2 (37.5–51.1)53.5 (46.1–60.8)33.6 (25.4–43)56.2 (52.3–60)
 Black/AA, non-Hispanic40.6 (25.6–57.6)15.1 (11.1–20.1)15.3 (12.5–18.5)18.8 (14.7–23.8)32.6 (24.4–41.9)31.5 (24.7–39.1)13.8 (11.6–16.5)
 Other or multirace, non-Hispanicd4.6 (2.3–8.7)c4.4 (3.4–5.6)6.2 (4.1–9.2)4.0 (2.7–6.0)4.8 (2.4–9.5)c8.8 (7.1–10.8)
 Hispanicd9.7 (6.3–14.7)9.8 (8–12)30.9 (23.4–39.6)9.9 (7.0–13.7)30.1 (22.3–39.3)21.2 (18.5–24.3)
Education
 Less than high school diploma20.1 (9.5–37.6)c5.6 (3.4–8.9)18.7 (16.1–21.5)22.9 (16.7–30.5)18.9 (14.8–23.7)15.3 (9.8–23.2)13.4 (11.6–15.5)
 High school diploma/GED36.2 (24.3–50.0)17.4 (12.5–23.7)45.0 (41.7–48.5)26.7 (22.5–31.4)42.9 (36.5–49.7)34.5 (26.8–43.2)28.4 (24.8–32.3)
 Some college/associate'sdegree32.3 (18.8–49.7)36.7 (30.6–43.2)29.8 (26.9–32.9)31.9 (26.3–38.0)33.5 (26.4–41.5)32.6 (24.5–42.0)27.4 (24.3–30.6)
 Completed college or more11.4 (5.2–23.2)c40.4 (33.2–48.0)6.5 (5.4–7.9)18.5 (13.4–25.0)4.7 (3.0–7.2)17.5 (11.4–26.1)30.8 (27.1–34.9)
Median cigars smoked per day4.39 (3.09–5.68)0.07 (0.05–0.08)0.08 (0.03–0.14)0.06 (0.01–0.11)
Median cigarettes smoked per day14.5 (12.3–16.6)0.9 (0.7–1.2)14.7 (12.3–17.2)0.6 (0.3–1.0)
  • aEstimates are for participants with urinary biomarker weights and creatinine concentrations ≥ 10 and ≤ 370 mg/dL.

  • bExclusive current cigar smoker = current daily or non-daily traditional cigar, cigarillo, or filtered cigar use and no current cigarette, e-cigarette, pipe, hookah, smokeless, snus, or dissolvable use and no past three day NRT use. Every day cigar smoker = current daily traditional cigar, cigarillo, or filtered cigar use. Some day cigar smoker = current nondaily traditional cigar, cigarillo, or filtered cigar use with use of product on at least 1 of the past 30 days and without daily use of any of these products. Exclusive current cigarette smoker = current daily or nondaily cigarette use and no current e-cigarette, traditional cigar, cigarillo, filtered cigar, pipe, hookah, smokeless, snus, or dissolvable use and no past three day NRT use. Every day cigarette smoker = current daily cigarette use. Some day cigarette smoker = current nondaily cigarette use with use on at least 1 of the past 30 days. Current dual cigar/cigarette smoker = current daily or nondaily traditional cigar, cigarillo, or filtered cigar use and current daily or nondaily cigarette use with use of at least one of these products on at least 1 of the past 30 days and no current e-cigarette, pipe, hookah, smokeless, snus, or dissolvables use and no past three day NRT use. Never tobacco use = no current or former established or experimental traditional cigar, cigarillo, filtered cigar, cigarette, e-cigarette, pipe, hookah, smokeless, snus, or dissolvable use and no past three day NRT use.

  • cFlagged on the basis of criteria for proportions: if the relative standard error (RSE) of a proportion or the inverse of the proportion is greater than 30.

  • dSuppressed due to confidentiality concerns (n < 3 or the estimate would allow for calculation of an estimate where n < 3).