Table 2.

Select subject demographics, health behaviors, and family history of cancer for patients who participated in the Detroit ROCS Pilot

All patientsNon-Hispanic whiteAfrican American
N (%)N (%)N (%)P-value*
Total1,000414586
Demographics
Age at diagnosis0.348
 <50110 (11.0%)51 (12.3%)59 (10.1%)
 50–59376 (37.6%)141 (34.1%)235 (40.1%)
 60–69376 (37.6%)156 (37.7%)220 (37.5%)
 70–79138 (13.8%)66 (15.9%)72 (12.3%)
 Median606059
 Range27–7927–7927–79
Sex0.496
 Male382 (38.2%)153 (37.0%)229 (39.1%)
 Female618 (61.8%)261 (63.0%)357 (60.9%)
Education<0.001
 Less than high school116 (11.6%)24 (5.8%)92 (15.7%)
 High school/GED299 (29.9%)98 (23.7%)201 (34.3%)
 Some college/2-year college degree346 (34.6%)134 (32.4%)212 (36.2%)
 Four-year college degree104 (10.4%)76 (18.4%)28 (4.8%)
 Graduate/professional degree128 (12.8%)82 (19.8%)46 (7.8%)
 Not reported7 (0.7%)0 (0.0%)7 (1.2%)
Marital status<0.001
 Married or equivalent461 (46.1%)300 (72.5%)161 (27.5%)
 Widowed, divorced, separated336 (33.6%)89 (21.5%)247 (42.2%)
 Never married196 (19.6%)22 (5.3%)174 (29.7%)
 Not reported7 (0.7%)3 (0.7%)4 (0.7%)
Employment status<0.001
 Full or part time275 (27.5%)169 (40.8%)106 (18.1%)
 Homemaker37 (3.7%)17 (4.1%)20 (3.4%)
 Unemployed84 (8.4%)20 (4.8%)64 (10.9%)
 Retired368 (36.8%)155 (37.4%)213 (36.3%)
 Disability15 (1.5%)46 (11.1%)167 (28.5%)
 Other213 (21.3%)5 (1.2%)10 (1.7%)
 Not reported8 (0.8%)2 (0.5%)6 (1.0%)
Income<0.001
 <$20,000395 (39.5%)58 (14.0%)337 (57.5%)
 $20,000–39,999170 (17.0%)68 (16.4%)102 (17.4%)
 $40,000–59,999114 (11.4%)61 (14.7%)53 (9.0%)
 $60,000–79,99969 (6.9%)37 (8.9%)32 (5.5%)
 ≥$80,000185 (18.5%)155 (37.4%)30 (5.1%)
 Not reported67 (6.7%)35 (8.5%)32 (5.5%)
Health behaviors
Cigarette smoking<0.001
 Never394 (39.4%)178 (43.0%)216 (36.9%)
 Former443 (44.3%)200 (48.3%)243 (41.5%)
 Current163 (16.3%)36 (8.7%)127 (21.7%)
Alcohol consumption in past month0.001
 Yes498 (49.8%)233 (56.3%)265 (45.2%)
 No498 (49.8%)179 (43.2%)319 (54.4%)
 Not reported4 (0.4%)2 (0.5%)2 (0.3%)
Servings of fruit per day0.061
 0 or less than 1 per day252 (25.2%)86 (20.8%)166 (28.3%)
 1 per day347 (34.7%)153 (37.0%)194 (33.1%)
 2 per day227 (22.7%)101 (24.4%)126 (21.5%)
 3 per day114 (11.4%)52 (12.6%)62 (10.6%)
 4 or more per day56 (5.6%)20 (4.8%)36 (6.1%)
 Not reported4 (0.4%)2 (0.5%)2 (0.3%)
Servings of vegetables per day0.426
 0 or less than 1 per day135 (13.5%)49 (11.8%)86 (14.7%)
 1 per day380 (38.0%)165 (39.9%)215 (36.7%)
 2 per day287 (28.7%)117 (28.3%)170 (29.0%)
 3 per day115 (11.5%)45 (10.9%)70 (11.9%)
 4 or more per day70 (7.0%)34 (8.2%)36 (6.1%)
 Not reported13 (1.3%)4 (1.0%)9 (1.5%)
Physical activity to improve health<0.001
 Yes640 (64.0%)320 (77.3%)320 (54.6%)
 No358 (35.8%)93 (22.5%)265 (45.2%)
 Not reported2 (0.2%)1 (0.2%)1 (0.2%)
BMI
Current BMI categories0.017
 Underweight or normal259 (25.9%)116 (28.0%)143 (24.4%)
 Overweight350 (35.0%)157 (37.9%)193 (32.9%)
 Obese391 (39.1%)141 (34.1%)250 (42.7%)
Family history of cancer
Any family history<0.001
 No254 (25.4%)78 (18.8%)176 (30.0%)
 Yes746 (74.6%)336 (81.2%)410 (70.0%)
Family history of same cancer0.056
 No723 (72.3%)286 (69.1%)437 (74.6%)
 Yes277 (27.7%)128 (30.9%)149 (25.4%)
  • *P value calculation does not include the “not reported” category. Cochran–Armitage χ2 reported for ordinal variables (age group, education, income, and BMI) and χ2 for categorical.