Table 2.

Measures of oral health in relation to incidence of pancreatic cancer

Self-reported oral health
Periodontal diseaseTooth lossPancreatic cancer casesPerson-years of follow-upAge-adjusted HR (95% CI)Multivariable HR (95% CI)
 NoNo13158,999ReferenceReference
 NoYes49152,0712.25 (1.19–4.23)2.05 (1.08–3.88)
 YesNo425,9631.76 (0.57–5.43)1.77 (0.57–5.49)
 YesYes1246,9531.72 (0.76–3.87)1.58 (0.70–3.57)
Any tooth loss61199,0242.13 (1.14–3.96)1.94 (1.04–3.64)
 1–4 Teeth lost23115,3971.78 (0.89–3.56)1.72 (0.86–3.43)
 ≥5 Teeth lost3883,6272.51 (1.29–4.90)2.20 (1.11–4.33)
  • NOTE: Multivariable HRs adjusted for age, smoking status (never, past, current), pack-years of smoking, alcohol consumption, BMI, and type 2 diabetes.