Table 3.

Measures of oral health in relation to incidence of pancreatic cancer, stratified by cigarette smoking

Self-reported oral healthNonsmokersCurrent smokers
Periodontal diseaseTooth lossCases, NMultivariable HR (95% CI)Cases, NMultivariable HR (95% CI)
 NoNo8Reference5Reference
 NoYes312.53 (1.12–5.68)181.41 (0.51–3.91)
 YesNo42.92 (0.87–9.81)0—–
 YesYes82.05 (0.74–5.70)40.96 (0.25–3.76)
Any tooth loss392.42 (1.09–5.37)221.31 (0.48–3.58)
  • NOTE: Multivariable HRs adjusted for age, pack-years of smoking, alcohol consumption, BMI, and type 2 diabetes.