Table 3.

Multivariable regression analyses of cancer-related risk perceptions and beliefs

How much do you agree or disagree with the following statements:b
Compared to other people your age, how likely are you to get cancer in your lifetime?aIt seems like everything causes cancerThere's not much you can do to lower your chances of getting cancerCancer is most often caused by a person's behavior or lifestyleI'd rather not know my chance of getting cancerWhen I think about cancer, I automatically think about death
PredictorsOR (95% CI)PBFDPOR (95% CI)PBFDPOR (95% CI)PBFDPOR (95% CI)PBFDPOR (95% CI)PBFDPOR (95% CI)PBFDP
Sex
 Male vs. female0.74 (0.53–1.03)0.0710.9390.80 (0.63–1.02)0.0680.9491.00 (0.80–1.26)0.9820.9891.58 (1.26–1.97)<0.0010.0331.13 (0.91–1.41)0.2760.9821.02 (0.81–1.28)0.8730.989
Age (ref. 1836 years)
 37–64 years1.52 (1.02–2.27)0.0410.8971.32 (0.99–1.77)0.0630.9370.74 (0.57–0.97)0.0300.8941.07 (0.82–1.39)0.6330.9860.80 (0.62–1.04)0.0950.9561.15 (0.88–1.51)0.3050.980
 65 years and older1.00 (0.46–2.15)0.9900.9710.91 (0.51–1.62)0.7470.9750.66 (0.37–1.18)0.1580.9501.08 (0.63–1.83)0.7890.9770.44 (0.25–0.77)0.0040.6111.10 (0.64–1.91)0.7240.976
Ethnicity/Race (ref. NHW)
 NHB0.53 (0.34–0.81)0.0040.5550.98 (0.71–1.35)0.9100.9851.08 (0.80–1.46)0.6340.9850.80 (0.59–1.07)0.1300.9631.00 (0.74–1.34)0.9860.9871.14 (0.85–1.52)0.4000.981
 Hispanic0.91 (0.61–1.35)0.6300.9811.24 (0.93–1.65)0.1420.9651.32 (1.01–1.72)0.0430.9170.82 (0.63–1.07)0.1430.9671.07 (0.83–1.38)0.6000.9871.50 (1.14–1.96)0.0040.555
 Other race0.94 (0.50–1.77)0.8460.9741.31 (0.85–2.00)0.2200.9641.19 (0.78–1.81)0.4300.9761.12 (0.75–1.68)0.5800.9801.09 (0.73–1.62)0.6910.9811.13 (0.75–1.70)0.5690.979
Born in United States
 No vs. yes0.47 (0.26–0.83)0.0100.7410.61 (0.42–0.88)0.0090.7210.97 (0.66–1.42)0.8760.9831.24 (0.85–1.81)0.2570.9710.97 (0.68–1.40)0.8770.9831.15 (0.77–1.69)0.4980.979
Education (ref. 12 years/completed high school)
 Less than high school1.00 (0.48–2.05)0.9890.9721.35 (0.79–2.33)0.2740.9641.27 (0.78–2.06)0.3420.9701.03 (0.62–1.72)0.9000.9780.82 (0.51–1.33)0.4270.9730.91 (0.55–1.52)0.7260.977
 Post high school/some college1.07 (0.70–1.63)0.7480.9811.15 (0.85–1.57)0.3640.9800.81 (0.61–1.08)0.1500.9661.09 (0.82–1.45)0.5740.9850.74 (0.56–0.98)0.0360.9060.91 (0.68–1.21)0.4960.984
 College graduate/postgraduate1.08 (0.68–1.69)0.7530.9800.80 (0.58–1.12)0.1940.9680.68 (0.50–0.93)0.0160.8241.34 (0.98–1.83)0.0650.9360.73 (0.54–0.98)0.0380.9050.84 (0.62–1.15)0.2770.976
Marital Status (ref. married/living as married)
 Divorced/separated0.50 (0.29–0.86)0.0120.7750.92 (0.63–1.33)0.6500.9820.98 (0.68–1.40)0.9010.9840.88 (0.62–1.25)0.4680.9801.00 (0.71–1.42)0.9800.9840.84 (0.59–1.19)0.3140.976
 Single/never been married1.13 (0.75–1.69)0.5660.9791.00 (0.75–1.34)0.9960.9870.81 (0.61–1.08)0.1470.9661.01 (0.77–1.33)0.9300.9870.91 (0.70–1.20)0.5020.9841.09 (0.82–1.46)0.5390.984
 Widowed0.46 (0.18–1.21)0.1150.9350.92 (0.49–1.71)0.7820.9740.80 (0.43–1.50)0.4910.9700.65 (0.36–1.18)0.1550.9481.00 (0.56–1.77)0.9950.9761.32 (0.71–2.43)0.3800.967
Total Household0.99 (0.91–1.08)0.8440.9960.98 (0.92–1.05)0.6030.9961.05 (0.99–1.11)0.1300.9880.98 (0.92–1.05)0.5360.9961.01 (0.95–1.06)0.7900.9971.08 (1.01–1.16)0.0350.970
Employment status (ref. employed)
 Disabled1.29 (0.59–2.83)0.5200.9660.63 (0.38–1.06)0.0820.9280.95 (0.59–1.53)0.8250.9790.75 (0.46–1.22)0.2500.9640.74 (0.45–1.20)0.2150.9620.87 (0.54–1.41)0.5760.976
 Homemaker1.07 (0.62–1.86)0.8010.9761.25 (0.84–1.84)0.2670.9701.01 (0.70–1.45)0.9560.9840.94 (0.65–1.36)0.7510.9831.19 (0.84–1.70)0.3230.9760.93 (0.65–1.35)0.7090.982
 Retired1.28 (0.37–4.44)0.6970.9610.55 (0.25–1.18)0.1250.9380.99 (0.48–2.03)0.9730.9721.55 (0.76–3.16)0.2260.9541.34 (0.71–2.52)0.3630.9650.58 (0.30–1.15)0.1190.937
 Student1.34 (0.68–2.64)0.3910.9650.85 (0.52–1.38)0.5020.9751.01 (0.61–1.66)0.9750.9790.96 (0.61–1.50)0.8420.9801.23 (0.76–1.97)0.4000.9720.80 (0.50–1.28)0.3510.971
 Unemployed0.85 (0.43–1.66)0.6350.9710.89 (0.56–1.44)0.6450.9770.83 (0.53–1.29)0.3980.9741.34 (0.84–2.12)0.2170.9621.53 (0.96–2.43)0.0710.9251.22 (0.76–1.95)0.4160.973
 Other0.99 (0.59–1.65)0.9590.9780.77 (0.52–1.15)0.2000.9640.69 (0.47–1.01)0.0540.9190.94 (0.64–1.37)0.7300.9820.81 (0.56–1.18)0.2770.9720.86 (0.58–1.26)0.4250.978
Household income (ref. $50,000–$74,999)
 <$20,0000.71 (0.42–1.22)0.2200.9590.61 (0.42–0.89)0.0100.7551.12 (0.77–1.62)0.5510.9810.96 (0.67–1.37)0.8080.9841.29 (0.91–1.82)0.1600.9610.95 (0.66–1.37)0.7740.983
 $20,000–$49,9991.07 (0.69–1.67)0.7600.9800.83 (0.60–1.15)0.2670.9740.97 (0.71–1.33)0.8560.9851.07 (0.79–1.44)0.6650.9851.26 (0.94–1.69)0.1220.9601.09 (0.80–1.48)0.5960.984
 $75,000–$99,9990.82 (0.46–1.44)0.4880.9721.08 (0.69–1.68)0.7400.9801.29 (0.87–1.91)0.1980.9651.01 (0.69–1.48)0.9610.9831.37 (0.93–2.01)0.1130.9481.19 (0.80–1.78)0.3970.976
 ≥$100,0000.77 (0.43–1.36)0.3590.9680.82 (0.54–1.24)0.3390.9730.75 (0.50–1.12)0.1570.9590.79 (0.54–1.17)0.2360.9680.91 (0.62–1.33)0.6170.9811.25 (0.84–1.85)0.2680.970
Home ownership (ref. own)
 Occupied1.22 (0.67–2.23)0.5190.9710.76 (0.50–1.17)0.2190.9640.93 (0.62–1.39)0.7070.9810.87 (0.58–1.32)0.5170.9781.03 (0.69–1.53)0.9020.9820.79 (0.53–1.17)0.2370.968
 Rent1.13 (0.79–1.63)0.5050.9800.80 (0.61–1.05)0.1060.9590.99 (0.77–1.27)0.9280.9881.21 (0.95–1.56)0.1270.9680.91 (0.71–1.17)0.4560.9850.90 (0.70–1.17)0.4260.984
BMI (ref. normal weight)
 Underweight0.66 (0.25–1.80)0.4190.9590.78 (0.41–1.49)0.4570.9681.05 (0.55–2.02)0.8870.9741.14 (0.62–2.08)0.6750.9741.08 (0.58–2.00)0.8050.9740.84 (0.47–1.53)0.5740.972
 Overweight1.14 (0.75–1.72)0.5480.9791.37 (1.02–1.85)0.0380.9101.04 (0.78–1.39)0.7930.9860.90 (0.68–1.20)0.4700.9830.98 (0.74–1.30)0.9000.9871.25 (0.94–1.67)0.1280.963
 Class I obesity1.38 (0.86–2.21)0.1840.9581.25 (0.90–1.75)0.1870.9680.98 (0.71–1.36)0.9230.9850.85 (0.62–1.17)0.3220.9770.98 (0.72–1.34)0.9000.9860.86 (0.63–1.17)0.3310.979
 Class II obesity1.36 (0.74–2.49)0.3180.9641.20 (0.79–1.83)0.3910.9751.38 (0.93–2.04)0.1100.9471.16 (0.78–1.73)0.4540.9781.19 (0.81–1.76)0.3810.9761.29 (0.87–1.93)0.2040.966
 Class III obesity2.29 (1.28–4.12)0.0060.6731.99 (1.30–3.04)0.0020.3911.25 (0.84–1.85)0.2680.9701.19 (0.81–1.74)0.3810.9760.95 (0.65–1.39)0.7860.9831.51 (1.00–2.29)0.0490.912
Smoking status (ref. never)
 Current2.06 (1.37–3.12)0.0010.2481.59 (1.16–2.16)0.0040.5441.37 (1.03–1.81)0.0300.8851.16 (0.88–1.53)0.3050.9791.67 (1.26–2.21)<0.0010.1541.09 (0.82–1.45)0.5540.985
 Former2.04 (1.27–3.26)0.0030.5301.45 (1.03–2.03)0.0330.8840.95 (0.69–1.30)0.7340.9851.07 (0.79–1.46)0.6520.9851.21 (0.89–1.63)0.2250.9721.38 (1.01–1.90)0.0460.919
Diabetes (ref. no)
 Borderline1.07 (0.58–1.98)0.8200.9740.83 (0.54–1.28)0.3960.9741.03 (0.69–1.55)0.8800.9821.04 (0.70–1.55)0.8340.9820.99 (0.67–1.46)0.9630.9831.48 (0.94–2.33)0.0920.936
 Yes0.91 (0.56–1.47)0.7020.9781.12 (0.77–1.62)0.5550.9811.33 (0.94–1.89)0.1030.9521.07 (0.76–1.49)0.7140.9841.18 (0.85–1.66)0.3240.9771.11 (0.79–1.58)0.5400.982
Depression (ref. never)
 Few times per year1.79 (1.17–2.74)0.0080.6981.29 (0.97–1.71)0.0860.9460.95 (0.72–1.27)0.7450.9860.80 (0.61–1.05)0.1110.9590.81 (0.61–1.06)0.1190.9631.46 (1.11–1.92)0.0060.713
 Daily/monthly/weekly2.92 (1.95–4.39)<0.001<0.0011.67 (1.26–2.22)<0.0010.1801.44 (1.09–1.89)0.0100.7530.90 (0.69–1.18)0.4590.9841.20 (0.92–1.57)0.1710.9722.05 (1.56–2.69)<0.001<0.001
  • Abbreviation: BFDP, Bayesian false-discovery probabilities.

  • aOR: (very likely + likely) versus (unlikely + very unlikely).

  • bOR: (strongly agree + somewhat agree) versus (somewhat disagree + strongly disagree).