Table 2A.

Cancer-related knowledge and beliefs by race

Black (192) n (%)White (743) n (%)PaBlack (44,084) Weighted n (%)White (248,047) Weighted n (%)Pa
Knowledge
 Start mammograms at age 40 or 50 (% correct)76 (48.4%)322 (51.2%)0.53276 (48.4%)322 (51.2%)0.532
 Start CRC screening at age 50 (% correct)69 (46.3%)378 (60.3%)0.00214,540 (39.9%)124,231 (57.8%)0.005
 Smokers start lung screening at age 55 (% correct)2 (1.4%)11 (2.0%)0.662387 (1.1%)2,920 (1.5%)0.679
Cancer beliefs
 Everything causes cancer (% agree)122 (66.0%)475 (65.9%)0.98727,620 (64.0%)170,578 (71.2%)0.167
 So many recommendations, hard to know what to do (% agree)157 (85.3%)606 (83.7%)0.59137,299 (86.8%)198,428 (82.5%)0.307
 Think about cancer, think about death (% agree)118 (63.4%)438 (60.5%)0.46327,499 (63.4%)149,919 (62.2%)0.840
 Not much you can do to lower chances of cancer (% agree)72 (39.1%)239 (32.9%)0.11013,751 (32.3%)83,845 (34.8%)0.652
 Rather not know my chances of getting cancer (% agree)64 (34.4%)283 (39.4%)0.21614,566 (33.6%)91,163 (37.9%)0.459
 Cancer worry (% moderately and extremely worried)28 (15.2%)162 (22.6%)0.0296,479 (15.0%)68,819 (28.7%)0.004
Comparative lifetime cancer risk<0.0010.003
 Very unlikely21 (11.9%)26 (3.7%)6,490 (15.8%)6,502 (2.8%)
 Unlikely17 (9.7%)74 (10.4%)2,987 (7.3%)20,805 (8.8%)
 Neither likely nor unlikely90 (51.1%)341 (48.0%)21,934 (53.3%)121,531 (51.5%)
 Likely40 (22.7%)186 (26.2%)8,285 (20.1%)61,397 (26.0%)
 Very likely8 (4.6%)84 (11.8%)1,484 (3.6%)25,801 (10.9%)
  • Abbreviation: CRC, colorectal cancer.

  • aP values are from Pearson χ2 tests.