Table 2.

Demographic variables associated with smartphone and app usage

SociodemographicsSmartphone–Smartphone+/App–Smartphone+/App+OthersP
BS/BW residence
 No48 (26.2)97 (27.6)87 (36.4)2 (22.2)0.067
 Yes135 (73.8)255 (72.4)152 (63.6)7 (77.8)
Gender
 Female98 (53.6)169 (48.0)146 (61.1)6 (66.7)0.029
 Male80 (43.7)169 (48.0)89 (37.2)2 (22.2)
 Others5 (2.7)14 (4.0)4 (1.7)1 (11.1)
Race/ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic black65 (35.5)157 (44.6)127 (53.1)4 (44.4)0.019
 Hispanic97 (53.0)147 (41.8)79 (33.1)5 (55.6)
 Non-Hispanic white10 (5.5)28 (8.0)19 (7.9)0 (0.0)
 Others11 (6.0)20 (5.7)14 (5.9)0 (0.0)
Health plan
 No37 (20.2)36 (10.2)13 (5.5)2 (22.2)<0.001
 Yes142 (77.6)311 (88.4)225 (94.5)7 (77.8)
 Other4 (2.2)5 (1.4)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
Education
 Less than college121 (66.1)145 (41.2)60 (25.1)5 (55.6)<0.001
 College graduate or more58 (31.7)205 (58.2)178 (74.5)4 (44.4)
 Others4 (2.2)2 (0.6)1 (0.4)0 (0.0)
Occupation
 Unemployed37 (20.2)35 (9.9)18 (7.5)0 (0.0)<0.001
 Employed86 (47.0)263 (74.7)189 (79.1)4 (44.4)
 Others60 (32.8)54 (15.3)32 (13.4)5 (55.6)
Income
 Under $50,000105 (57.4)143 (40.7)87 (36.6)4 (44.4)<0.001
 $50,000 or greater48 (26.2)172 (49.0)124 (52.1)4 (44.4)
 Others30 (16.4)36 (10.3)27 (11.3)1 (11.1)
Cancer
 No164 (89.6)329 (93.5)233 (97.5)9 (100.0)0.008
 Yes19 (10.4)23 (6.5)6 (2.5)0 (0.0)
Age
 18–3454 (34.8)144 (46.5)102 (50.5)2 (28.6)0.120
 35–3916 (10.3)34 (11.0)15 (7.4)1 (14.3)
 40–4421 (13.5)41 (13.2)24 (11.9)1 (14.3)
 45–499 (5.8)20 (6.5)18 (8.9)1 (14.3)
 > 5055 (35.5)71 (22.9)43 (21.3)2 (28.6)