Table 1.

Sample demographics by race

VariableBlack (192), n (%)White (743), n (%)PaBlack (44,084) Weighted n (%)White (248,047) Weighted n (%)Pa
Age group
 18–3412 (6.3%)86 (11.6%)0.0086,443 (14.6%)74,619 (30.1%)0.015
 35–4928 (14.6%)98 (13.2%)15,432 (35.0%)55,739 (22.5%)
 50–6493 (48.4%)274 (36.9%)13,593 (30.8%)65,569 (26.4%)
 65+59 (30.7%)285 (38.4%)8,616 (19.5%)52,120 (21.0%)
Sex
 Female105 (54.7%)400 (53.8%)0.83023,781 (53.9%)158,158 (63.8%)<0.001
 Male87 (45.3%)343 (46.2%)20,303 (46.1%)89,889 (36.2%)
Education
 <High school19 (10.8%)49 (6.9%)0.1543,859 (9.4%)12,002 (5.1%)0.019
 High school graduate54 (30.7%)198 (28.1%)10,857 (26.3%)46,648 (19.7%)
 Some college or vocational school50 (28.4%)194 (27.5%)12,568 (30.5%)53,844 (22.7%)
 College grad or higher53 (30.1%)265 (37.5%)13,959 (33.8%)124,286 (52.5%)
Marital status
 Not partnered108 (59.3%)244 (33.8%)<0.00126,271 (61.4%)97,141 (40.1%)<0.001
 Partnered74 (40.7%)479 (66.3%)16,494 (38.6%)145,197 (59.9%)
Employed
 Yes77 (44.5%)284 (41.0%)0.16222,509 (58.1%)131,997 (56.6%)0.886
 No48 (27.8%)164 (23.7%)8,871 (22.9%)58,731 (25.2%)
 Retired48 (27.8%)244 (35.3%)7,375 (19.0%)42,454 (18.2%)
Own home
 Yes82 (45.6%)534 (74.4%)<0.00116,270 (38.3%)150,194 (62.9%)<0.001
 No98 (54.4%)184 (25.6%)26,186 (61.7%)88,757 (37.1%)
Income
 $0–19,99951 (31.1%)115 (17.2%)<0.00112,313 (30.3%)41,954 (18.3%)<0.001
 $20,000–49,99959 (36.0%)196 (29.4%)15,245 (37.5%)45,262 (19.7%)
 $50,000–99,99941 (25.0%)228 (34.2%)9,483 (23.3%)68,777 (30.0%)
 $100,000+13 (7.9%)128 (19.2%)3,639 (8.9%)73,201 (31.9%)
Financial security
 Living comfortably42 (23.7%)295 (41.9%)<0.00110,460 (24.9%)114,220 (48.2%)<0.001
 Getting by73 (41.2%)245 (34.8%)15,241 (36.3%)72,345 (30.5%)
 Finding it difficult38 (21.5%)113 (16.1%)10,663 (25.4%)29,920 (12.6%)
 Finding it very difficult24 (13.6%)51 (7.2%)5,675 (13.5%)20,705 (8.7%)
Health insurance
 Yes175 (94.1%)681 (94.3%)0.90239,497 (91.5%)228,387 (94.3%)0.427
 No11 (5.9%)41 (5.7%)3,666 (8.5%)13,792 (5.7%)
Unable to see doctor due to cost in last 12 months
 Yes43 (23.5%)92 (12.7%)<0.00112,923 (30.6%)33,589 (13.9%)0.002
 No140 (76.5%)630 (87.3%)29,346 (69.4%)208,589 (86.1%)
Born in United States
 Yes179 (96.8%)710 (98.2%)0.22041,577 (96.3%)234,814 (97.7%)0.545
 No6 (3.2%)13 (1.8%)1,581 (3.7%)5,519 (2.3%)
  • aP values are from Pearson χ2 tests.