Table 2.

Knowledge, attitude, and behavioral measures

DomainItemResponse optionsItem source
Information seeking and information accessHave you ever looked for information about health or medical topics from any source?
  • Yes

  • No

HINTS
The most recent time you looked for information about health or medical topics, where did you go first?
  • Books

  • Brochures, pamphlets, etc.

  • Cancer organization

  • Family

  • Friend/coworker

  • Doctor or health care provider

  • Internet

  • Library

  • Magazines

  • Newspapers

  • Telephone information number

  • Complementary, alternative, or unconventional practitioner

  • Social media site, such as Facebook, Patients Like Me, Caring Bridge

  • Other _______

HINTS
Overall, how confident are you that you could get advice or information about health or medical topics if you needed it?
  • Completely confident

  • Very confident

  • Somewhat confident

  • A little confident

  • Not confident at all

HINTS
Cancer screening behaviorsA blood stool test is a test that may use a special kit at home to determine whether the stool contains blood. Have you ever had this test using a home kit?a
  • Yes

  • No

BRFSS
How long has it been since you had your last blood stool test using a home kit?a
  • Within the past year (anytime less than 12 months ago)

  • Within the past 2 years (1 year but less than 2 years ago)

  • Within the past 3 years (2 years but less than 3 years ago)

  • Within the past 5 years (3 years but less than 5 years ago)

  • 5 or more years ago

BRFSS
Sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy are exams in which a tube is inserted in the rectum to view the colon for signs of cancer or other health problems. Have you ever had either of these exams?a
  • Yes

  • No

BRFSS
For a SIGMOIDOSCOPY, a flexible tube is inserted into the rectum to look for problems. A COLONOSCOPY is similar, but uses a longer tube, and you are usually given medication through a needle in your arm to make you sleepy and told to have someone else drive you home after the test. Was your MOST RECENT exam a sigmoidoscopy or a colonoscopy?a
  • Sigmoidoscopy

  • Colonoscopy

BRFSS
How long has it been since you had your last sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy? Mark only one.a
  • Within the past year (anytime less than 12 months ago)

  • Within the past 2 years (1 year but less than 2 years ago)

  • Within the past 3 years (2 years but less than 3 years ago)

  • Within the past 5 years (3 years but less than 5 years ago)

  • Within the past 10 years (5 years but less than 10 years ago)

  • 10 or more years ago

BRFSS
A mammogram is an X-ray of each breast to look for breast cancer. Have you ever had a mammogram?b
  • Yes

  • No

BRFSS
How long has it been since you had your last mammogram?b
  • Within the past year (anytime less than 12 months ago)

  • Within the past 2 years (1 year but less than 2 years ago)

  • Within the past 3 years (2 years but less than 3 years ago)

  • Within the past 5 years (3 years but less than 5 years ago)

  • 5 or more years ago

BRFSS
Cancer screening knowledgeAt what age are most women supposed to start having mammograms?____ Years oldHINTS
At what age are most people supposed to start doing home blood stool tests, having a sigmoidoscopy or having a colonoscopy?____ Years oldHINTS
Tobacco useHave you ever smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life?
  • Yes

  • No

HINTS
Do you now smoke cigarettes …
  • Every day

  • Some days

  • Not at all

HINTS
  • Cancer beliefs

How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements?
  1. It seems like everything causes cancer.

  2. There's not much you can do to lower your chances of getting cancer.

  3. There are so many different recommendations about preventing cancer, it's hard to know which ones to follow.

  • Strongly agree

  • Somewhat agree

  • Somewhat disagree

  • Strongly disagree

HINTS
  • Awareness of cancer risk

Compared to other people your age, how likely are you to get cancer in your lifetime?
  • Much less likely

  • Less likely

  • About the same

  • More likely

  • Much more likely

HINTS
Health care accessIs there a place that you USUALLY go to when you are sick or need advice about your health?
  • Yes

  • There is NO place

  • There is MORE THAN ONE place

NHIS
What kind of place do you go most often?
  • Clinic or health center

  • Doctor's office or HMO

  • Hospital emergency room

  • Hospital outpatient department

  • Some other place

NHIS
  • Financial barriers to health care

In the past 12 months was there a time when you needed to see a doctor, but could not because of cost?
  • Yes

  • No

BRFSS
  • NOTE: Question wording was provided for both self-administered and interviewer-administered surveys. The question wording was adapted for mode without fundamental or consequential changes to the stem or response options.

  • aThis item was only asked if respondent was 50 years old or older.

  • bThis item was only asked if respondent was female.