Table 3.

Types of cancer and risk factor under study in the NCI Cohort Consortium cancer publications

Risk factors examined
Lifestyle factors
Cancer siteNo. of publicationsAverage no. of studiesAverage no. of eventsGeneticAnthropometryaBiomarkerbDietTobaccoAlcoholDiabetesPhysical activityReproductiveMultiple risk factorscLifestyle total
Any15910.17,0269411241455336741d
Breast42e,f7.87,9213126232012211
Prostate35f7.07,822340720000013
Pancreas2916.03,013163141210008
Endometrium1412.54,83070100000336
Liver67.774301210010104
Colorectum510.04,19801130000003
Multiple myeloma410.575002200000000
Esophagus43.55,33120000000000
Glioma, brain410.51,20321000000000
Ovary312.72,69100110000012
Many types (>5)416.574,39930000001001
Thyroid49.21,49301001111002
Renal cell212.02,62510010000001
Head and neck210.52,19900000000000
Anogenital11.040000000000000
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia122.02,34310000000000
Kidney18.077500100000000
Lung11.089900100000000
NHL110.01,35300100000000
Upper gastrointestinal18.01,06500100000000
  • Abbreviation: NHL, non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

  • aBody mass index, height, and waist circumference.

  • bIncludes circulating IGF, sex hormones, vitamin D, and carotenoid levels.

  • cIn risk model validation analyses.

  • dIncludes also one publication on nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and risk of liver cancer.

  • eIncludes 4 males and 38 females.

  • fIncludes five publications that included a breast cancer and prostate cancer investigation.