Table 1.

Characteristics for rural and urban study participants with colorectal and breast cancer

Colorectal cancerBreast cancer
Rural (n = 207)Urban (n = 226)Total (n = 433)Rural (n = 205)Urban (n = 284)Total (n = 489)
Age
 Mean (SD)66.9 (10.0)66.4 (12.0)66.6 (11.1)60.3 (10.7)60.0 (11.8)60.0 (11.4)
 Median (IQR)67 (59, 74)67 (58, 76)67 (58, 75)60 (51, 58)58 (50, 68)59 (50, 68)
 Range42–8842–8942–8941–8940–9340–93
n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%n (%)n (%)
Gender
 Male122 (59)125 (55)247 (57)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
 Female85 (41)101 (45)186 (43)205 (100)284 (100)489 (100)
Marital status
 Married/partner150 (72)174 (77)324 (75)160a (78)200 (70)360 (74)
 No partner54 (26)49 (22)103 (24)44 (21)84 (30)128 (26)
 Missing3 (1)3 (1)6 (1)1 (0)0 (0)1 (0)
Education
 Basic (to secondary school)124a (60)113 (50)237 (55)102a (50)113 (40)215 (44)
 Medium (vocational training)49 (24)53 (23)102 (24)57 (28)78 (27)135 (28)
 High (university)32 (15)56 (25)88 (20)44 (21)90 (32)134 (27)
 Missing2 (1)4 (2)6 (1)2 (1)3 (1)5 (1)
SES
 Most disadvantaged110c (53)57 (25)167 (39)97c (47)52 (18)149 (30)
 Mid-disadvantaged73 (35)73 (32)146 (34)70 (34)92 (32)162 (33)
 Least disadvantaged24 (12)96 (42)120 (28)36 (18)139 (49)175 (36)
 Missing0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)2 (1)1 (0)3 (1)
Insurance
 No private health insurance109c (53)76 (34)185 (43)86b (42)83 (29)169 (35)
 Private health insurance98 (47)150 (66)248 (57)119 (58)201 (71)320 (65)
Perceived health
 Very good/good159 (77)186 (82)345 (80)182 (89)249 (88)431 (88)
 Fair, poor or very poor45 (22)36 (16)81 (19)21 (10)35 (12)56 (11)
 Missing3 (1)4 (2)7 (2)2 (1)0 (0)2 (0)
Comorbidity
 No comorbidity116 (56)144 (64)260 (60)151 (74)218 (77)369 (75)
 Medium (1–2)84 (41)76 (34)160 (37)53 (26)65 (23)118 (24)
 High (3–4)7 (3)3 (1)10 (2)1 (0)0 (0)1 (0)
 Missing0 (0)3 (1)3 (1)0 (0)1 (0)1 (0)
Presentation route
 Screen-detected41 (20)55 (24)96 (22)96 (47)128 (45)224 (46)
 Symptoms166 (80)171 (76)337 (78)109 (53)156 (55)265 (54)
Primary cancer site
 Colon168 (81)189 (84)357 (82)n/a (n/a)n/a (n/a)n/a (n/a)
 Rectum39 (19)37 (16)76 (18)n/a (n/a)n/a (n/a)n/a (n/a)
Stage
 Local (I & II)120 (58)143 (63)263 (61)172 (84)249 (88)421 (86)
 Regional (III)65 (31)61 (27)126 (29)29 (14)32 (11)61 (12)
 Advanced (IV)21 (10)19 (8)40 (9)3 (1)2 (1)5 (1)
 Unknown1 (0)3 (1)4 (1)1 (0)1 (0)2 (0)
Treatment
 Surgery alone106 (51)135 (60)241 (56)24 (12)40 (14)64 (13)
 Surgery & chemo87 (42)81 (36)168 (39)55 (27)66 (23)121 (25)
 Surgery & RT1 (0)2 (1)3 (1)83 (40)104 (37)187 (38)
 Surgery, chemo, RT10 (5)8 (4)18 (4)42 (20)72 (25)114 (23)
 Chemo alone1 (0)0 (0)1 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
 Missing2 (1)0 (0)2 (0)1 (0)2 (1)3 (1)
  • NOTE: Significant difference by area of residence: aP < 0.05; bP < 0.01; cP < 0.001.

  • Abbreviations: IQR, interquartile range; n/a, not applicable; RT, radiotherapy.