Table 3.

Factors associated with HCV screening by age group for the population at average risk of HCVa

Univariate OR (95% CI)Multivariable aOR (95% CI)
Born post-1985
Population characteristics
Year
 2013 (ref.)
 20141.20 (0.98–1.48)
 20151.06 (0.87–1.30)
Demographic characteristics
Region
 Northeast (ref.)
 Midwest0.97 (0.73–1.27)
 South1.09 (0.85–1.40)
 West1.06 (0.82–1.37)
Age (continuous, 5-year increments)1.70 (1.501.94)1.04 (1.001.07)
Race/ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic white (ref.)
 Non-Hispanic black0.93 (0.74–1.16)
 Non-Hispanic Asian0.84 (0.54–1.29)
 Non-Hispanic Other0.81 (0.56–1.17)
 Hispanic0.75 (0.610.92)
Gender
 Male (ref.)
 Female1.04 (0.88–1.23)0.79 (0.660.95)
Education
 Less than high school graduate (ref.)
 High school graduate or GED1.62 (1.182.23)1.58 (1.152.17)
 Some college/associate's degree1.83 (1.362.46)1.78 (1.332.38)
 Bachelor's degree or higher1.58 (1.152.17)1.32 (0.94–1.87)
 Don't know2.42 (0.80–7.30)3.61 (1.2510.45)
Marital status
 Married/living with partner (ref.)
 Not currently married (divorced, separated, and widowed)1.66 (1.132.45)1.45 (0.97–2.17)
 Never married0.68 (0.570.81)0.85 (0.70–1.03)
Income
 <$35,000 (ref.)
 $35,000–$74,9990.93 (0.78–1.12)
 $75,000–$99,9990.78 (0.57–1.05)
 $100,000+0.75 (0.53–1.05)
Risk factors
Alcohol use
 Lifetime abstainer (ref.)
 Former infrequent/unknown3.15 (2.194.55)1.94 (1.332.84)
 Current infrequent/light/unknown frequency2.11 (1.702.62)1.50 (1.191.89)
 Current moderate/heavy2.40 (1.913.03)1.65 (1.282.14)
 Drinking status unknown0.55 (0.22–1.43)0.50 (0.19–1.31)
Health care factors
Saw/talked to HCP in last 12 months
 No (ref.)
 Yes1.33 (1.131.57)
Have health insurance coverage
 No (ref.)
 Yes1.10 (0.93–1.31)1.24 (1.031.50)
 Don't know/Refused/Not ascertained0.17 (0.040.67)0.17 (0.040.68)
Other health screenings
Ever been tested for HIV
 No (ref.)
 Yes6.05 (5.067.24)5.72 (4.756.90)
 Don't know/Refused/Not ascertained1.27 (0.74–2.17)1.42 (0.81–2.49)
Univariate OR (95% CI)Multivariable aOR (95% CI)
Born 1966–1985
Population characteristics
Year
 2013 (ref.)
 20141.02 (0.91–1.14)1.03 (0.92–1.16)
 20151.15 (1.031.28)1.20 (1.061.35)
Demographic characteristics
Region
 Northeast (ref.)
 Midwest0.79 (0.670.94)0.78 (0.660.94)
 South0.97 (0.85–1.12)1.00 (0.86–1.16)
 West1.07 (0.93–1.24)1.07 (0.92–1.24)
Age (Continuous, 5-year increments)0.93 (0.90–0.97)0.98 (0.980.99)
Race/Ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic white (ref.)
 Non-Hispanic black1.00 (0.89–1.13)0.70 (0.620.80)
 Non-Hispanic Asian0.56 (0.430.72)0.64 (0.500.83)
 Non-Hispanic Other0.96 (0.76–1.21)0.95 (0.74–1.22)
 Hispanic0.68 (0.610.76)0.68 (0.590.78)
Gender
 Male (ref.)
 Female0.87 (0.790.96)0.66 (0.600.74)
Education
 Less than high school graduate (ref.)
 High school graduate or GED1.36 (1.141.62)1.18 (0.97–1.42)
 Some college/Associates degree1.81 (1.532.14)1.39 (1.151.69)
 Bachelor's degree or higher1.52 (1.291.80)1.22 (0.99–1.51)
 Don't know0.77 (0.24–2.45)0.84 (0.27–2.62)
Marital status
 Married/Living with partner (ref.)
 Not currently married (divorced, separated, and widowed)1.52 (1.331.73)1.40 (1.211.61)
 Never married1.31 (1.191.44)1.20 (1.071.34)
Income
 <$35,000 (ref.)
 $35,000–$74,9990.88 (0.790.99)0.82 (0.730.93)
 $75,000–$99,9990.97 (0.83–1.13)0.91 (0.77–1.09)
 $100,000+0.90 (0.78–1.02)0.83 (0.700.99)
Risk Factors
Alcohol use
 Lifetime abstainer (ref.)
 Former infrequent/unknown2.05 (1.702.49)1.46 (1.191.78)
 Current infrequent/light/unknown frequency1.67 (1.441.94)1.20 (1.031.40)
 Current moderate/heavy1.65 (1.411.94)1.07 (0.90–1.26)
 Drinking status unknown0.40 (0.190.84)0.40 (0.190.88)
Health care factors
Saw/talked to HCP in last 12 months
 No (ref.)
 Yes1.41 (1.281.55)
Have health insurance coverage
 No (ref.)
 Yes1.32 (1.171.49)1.19 (1.031.37)
 Don't know/Refused/Not ascertained0.93 (0.38–2.30)0.70 (0.27–1.78)
Other health screenings
Ever been tested for HIV
 No (ref.)
 Yes4.65 (4.145.22)4.59 (4.065.18)
 Don't know/Refused/Not ascertained1.24 (0.88–1.73)1.45 (1.012.08)
Blood pressure check, last 12 mo
 No (ref.)
 Yes1.97 (1.682.31)1.64 (1.381.94)
 Don't know/Refused/Not ascertained1.43 (1.181.73)1.27 (1.031.56)
Univariate OR (95% CI)Multivariable aOR (95% CI)
Born 1945–1965
Population characteristics
Year
 2013 (ref.)
 20141.11 (0.97–1.27)1.20 (1.051.38)
 20151.22 (1.061.39)1.31 (1.131.52)
Demographic characteristics
Region
 Northeast (ref.)
 Midwest0.82 (0.670.99)0.88 (0.72–1.07)
 South1.22 (1.061.41)1.22 (1.051.42)
 West1.56 (1.301.86)1.45 (1.201.76)
Age (Continuous, 5-year increments)0.88 (0.840.92)0.90 (0.850.94)
Race/Ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic white (ref.)
 Non-Hispanic black1.10 (0.95–1.27)0.81 (0.690.94)
 Non-Hispanic Asian0.81 (0.57–1.14)0.85 (0.60–1.22)
 Non-Hispanic Other1.14 (0.86–1.51)1.03 (0.76–1.40)
 Hispanic0.85 (0.721.00)0.79 (0.660.95)
Gender
 Male (ref.)
 Female0.68 (0.610.76)0.71 (0.630.79)
Education
 Less than high school graduate (ref.)
 High school graduate or GED1.01 (0.83–1.23)1.05 (0.85–1.29)
 Some college/Associates degree1.76 (1.482.10)1.60 (1.331.94)
 Bachelor's degree or higher1.67 (1.402.00)1.56 (1.281.91)
 Don't know0.57 (0.19–1.72)0.76 (0.24–2.43)
Marital Status
 Married/Living with partner (ref.)
 Not currently married (divorced, separated, and widowed)1.28 (1.141.43)1.15 (1.011.31)
 Never married1.09 (0.92–1.29)0.97 (0.82–1.16)
Income
 <$35,000 (ref.)
 $35,000–$74,9990.85 (0.740.98)0.84 (0.730.97)
 $75,000–$99,9990.85 (0.71–1.02)0.77 (0.630.94)
 $100,000+1.10 (0.96–1.26)0.89 (0.75–1.06)
Risk factors
Alcohol use
 Lifetime abstainer (ref.)
 Former infrequent/unknown2.11 (1.752.54)1.62 (1.331.97)
 Current infrequent/light/unknown frequency1.73 (1.482.02)1.30 (1.101.54)
 Current moderate/heavy1.80 (1.482.18)1.29 (1.061.56)
 Drinking status unknown0.52 (0.26–1.02)0.89 (0.44–1.79)
Health care factors
Saw/talked to HCP in last 12 months
 No (ref.)
 Yes1.46 (1.291.67)1.27 (1.111.47)
Have health insurance coverage
 No (ref.)
 Yes1.16 (0.99–1.37)
 Don't know/Refused/Not ascertained0.85 (0.34–2.14)
Other health screenings
Ever been tested for HIV
 No (ref.)
 Yes4.79 (4.275.37)4.17 (3.704.70)
 Don't know/Refused/Not ascertained1.04 (0.78–1.39)1.80 (1.312.47)
Blood pressure check, last 12 mo
 No (ref.)
 Yes1.72 (1.402.12)
 Don't know/Refused/Not ascertained1.35 (1.071.71)
Cholesterol checked last 12 mo
 No (ref.)
 Yes1.61 (1.401.85)1.34 (1.151.57)
 Don't know/Refused/Not ascertained1.19 (1.001.42)1.11 (0.92–1.33)
Had colon cancer test in last 12 months
 No (ref.)
 Yes1.75 (1.561.96)1.43 (1.251.62)
 Don't know/Refused/Not ascertained0.09 (0.040.20)0.26 (0.110.61)
Univariate OR (95% CI)Multivariable aOR (95% CI)
Born pre-1945
Population characteristics
Year
 2013 (ref.)
 20141.03 (0.79–1.36)
 20151.11 (0.84–1.46)
Demographic characteristics
Region
 Northeast (ref.)
 Midwest1.01 (0.67–1.54)1.03 (0.68–1.56)
 South1.31 (0.90–1.89)1.19 (0.82–1.73)
 West2.28 (1.593.27)2.00 (1.392.88)
Age (Continuous, 5-year increments)0.93 (0.910.95)0.85 (0.760.95)
Race/Ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic white (ref.)
 Non-Hispanic black1.44 (1.081.91)
 Non-Hispanic Asian2.06 (1.223.49)
 Non-Hispanic Other1.79 (0.94–3.42)
 Hispanic1.03 (0.71–1.48)
Gender
 Male (ref.)
 Female0.58 (0.470.72)0.71 (0.570.89)
Education
 Less than high school graduate (ref.)
 High school graduate or GED0.93 (0.67–1.29)
 Some college/Associates degree1.39 (1.041.86)
 Bachelor's degree or higher1.59 (1.162.17)
 Don't know0.53 (0.15–1.93)
Marital status
 Married/Living with partner (ref.)
 Not currently married (divorced, separated, and widowed)0.76 (0.600.95)
 Never married0.79 (0.46–1.37)
Income
 <$35,000 (ref.)
 $35,000–$74,9991.28 (0.99–1.64)
 $75,000–$99,9991.56 (1.042.33)
 $100,000+1.96 (1.402.75)
Risk factors
Alcohol use
 Lifetime abstainer (ref.)
 Former infrequent/unknown1.57 (1.142.15)
 Current infrequent/light/unknown frequency1.41 (1.041.92)
 Current moderate/heavy1.28 (0.87–1.87)
 Drinking status unknown0.16 (0.02–1.12)
Health care factors
Saw/talked to HCP in last 12 months
 No (ref.)
 Yes0.89 (0.64–1.22)
Have health insurance coverage
 No (ref.)
 Yes0.50 (0.18–1.37)
 Don't know/Refused/Not ascertained
Other health screenings
Ever been tested for HIV
 No (ref.)
 Yes6.53 (5.198.21)5.37 (4.196.89)
 Don't know/Refused/Not ascertained1.28 (0.81–2.03)1.64 (1.042.58)
Blood pressure check, last 12 mo
 No (ref.)
 Yes1.36 (0.69–2.69)
 Don't know/Refused/Not ascertained1.06 (0.53–2.14)
Cholesterol checked last 12 mo
 No (ref.)
 Yes1.42 (0.88–2.27)
 Don't know/Refused/Not ascertained1.05 (0.64–1.74)
Had colon cancer test in last 12 months
 No (ref.)
 Yes1.91 (1.512.43)1.56 (1.212.00)
 Don't know/Refused/Not ascertained0.37 (0.10–1.31)0.35 (0.09–1.26)
  • aAll variables listed were initially included in the multivariable model, and a significance of 0.05 was required to remain in the model.

  • †Designates a variable that was eliminated from the multivariable model.