Table 3.

The prevalence of selected cancer risk factors at each ARIC Study visit and in NHANESa during the same calendar time by sex and race

ARIC visitVisit 1 (1987–1989)Visit 2 (1990–1992)Visit 3 (1993–1995)Visit 4 (1996–1998)Visit 5 (2011–2013)
PopulationARICNHANESARICNHANESARICNHANESARICNHANESARICNHANES
White males
 ARIC N5,0944,7634,3433,9462,082
 Overweight/obeseb, %73.065.373.576.076.775.278.975.775.575.5
 Diagnosed diabetes, %7.76.49.810.711.711.413.712.829.018.9
 Physically inactivec, %24.29.226.112.9
 >2 alcohol drinks daily, %11.216.910.015.810.315.59.217.16.413.7
Smoking status
 Current, %24.630.921.724.316.622.614.018.85.58.8
 Former, %47.446.152.246.556.551.558.755.059.559.5
Black males
 ARIC N1,5901,3001,070941495
 Overweight/obeseb, %69.761.071.864.875.062.275.663.773.569.7
 Diagnosed diabetes, %16.211.918.911.420.312.722.224.843.335.0
 Physically inactivec, %33.518.729.725.5
 >2 alcohol drinks daily, %10.919.79.512.913.013.06.413.83.33.4
Smoking status
 Current, %38.546.934.743.928.643.124.629.08.326.9
 Former, %33.433.139.430.344.831.548.536.851.847.2
White females
 ARIC N5,4975,1654,7904,3712,563
 Overweight/obeseb, %53.858.258.064.663.664.866.667.764.063.9
 Diagnosed diabetes, %6.58.17.87.68.78.19.89.423.715.8
 Physically inactivec, %26.417.728.819.7
 >2 alcohol drinks daily, %2.27.61.96.91.66.71.97.21.73.1
Smoking status
 Current, %24.526.220.720.416.417.713.517.55.45.5
 Former, %24.329.130.226.733.028.735.131.641.339.1
Black females
 ARIC N2,5072,1351,8081,609991
 Overweight/obeseb, %82.977.884.079.283.380.686.779.981.273.5
 Diagnosed diabetes, %18.715.421.518.122.420.925.221.743.235.1
 Physically inactivec, %42.433.836.340.6
 >2 alcohol drinks daily, %0.73.60.62.71.60.70.52.40.30.6
Smoking status
 Current, %24.935.920.625.017.421.813.916.25.99.7
 Former, %17.322.123.521.724.922.428.526.933.022.6
  • aVisit 1 versus NHANES III phase I (1988–1991), age range: 44–66 years; visit 2 versus NHANES III phase II (1991–1994), age range: 46–70 years; visit 3 versus NHANES III phase II (1991–1994), age range: 49–73 years; visit 4 versus NHANES (1990–2000), age range: 52–75 years; visit 5 versus NHANES (2011–2012), age range: 66–90 years.

  • bBody mass index ≥ 25 kg/m2.

  • cIn ARIC, physical inactivity was defined as total metabolic equivalents of task (METs) of 0 based on the Baecke Sports Index. In NHANES III, physical inactivity was defined as a weekly activity frequency of 0 for NHANES participants.