Table 2.

Association between dietary ED, GL, and GI and incidence of endometrial cancer among 30,996 women in CPS-II NCa

Cases (n)Person-yearsMultivariablebMultivariable + BMIb
ED (kcal/g)
 <1.2811493,7431.001.00
 1.28–<1.4610795,5220.94 (0.72–1.22)0.92 (0.70–1.20)
 1.46–<1.669792,5710.88 (0.67–1.16)0.81 (0.62–1.08)
 ≥1.6610795,4270.95 (0.72–1.24)0.87 (0.66–1.14)
Ptrend0.650.25
GL
 <100.4710994,4921.001.00
 100.47–<113.7011594,4530.99 (0.76–1.30)1.00 (0.77–1.31)
 113.70–<126.8211394,3901.00 (0.77–1.31)1.01 (0.77–1.33)
 ≥126.828993,9290.78 (0.59–1.04)0.83 (0.62–1.11)
Ptrend0.100.25
GI
 <50.4311194,1671.001.00
 50.43–<52.4911294,4701.01 (0.77–1.31)1.05 (0.81–1.38)
 52.49–<54.4810094,5710.90 (0.69–1.18)0.90 (0.68–1.19)
 ≥54.4810294,0570.93 (0.71–1.21)0.98 (0.74–1.29)
Ptrend0.460.66
  • aValues are multivariable-adjusted RRs (95% CIs) unless otherwise indicated.

  • bStratified by age and adjusted for smoking status, intensity and time since quitting, age at menarche, age at menopause, parity, HRT use, oral contraceptive use, and physical activity.