Table 1.

Descriptive statistics and bivariate analysis of genetic testing uptake

(N = 781)
Primary variables of interestMean (SD)/N (%)OR (95% CI)aP
Precounseling cancer distressb15.18 (14.24)1.01 (1.00–1.02)0.051
Precounseling perceived comparative riskc2.99 (1.10)1.42 (1.23–1.63)<0.0001
Perceptions of patient centeredness4.25 (0.48)0.80 (0.58–1.11)0.179
Perceived personal control1.55 (0.36)1.14 (0.74–1.77)0.542
Covariates
Decisional conflict27.90 (13.39)0.97 (0.96–0.98)<0.0001
Social support8.53 (1.91)0.93 (0.86–1.00)0.061
Age56.58 (7.71)1.02 (1.00–1.04)0.063
Anxiety2.65 (2.99)1.00 (0.95–1.05)0.920
Physical health49.79 (9.05)0.99 (0.97–1.00)0.106
Mental health51.25 (8.92)0.99 (0.97–1.01)0.307
Knowledge7.05 (1.44)1.08 (0.97–1.21)0.153
Intervention
 In-person (ref.)379 (48.53)
 Telephone402 (51.47)0.68 (0.50–0.92)0.013
Short-term cost concerns
 Yes (ref.)138 (17.67)
 No643 (82.33)17.46 (6.71–45.43)<0.0001
Long-term cost concerns
 Yes (ref.)27 (3.46)
 No754 (96.54)8.26 (1.54–44.43)0.014
Relatives with breast or ovarian cancer
 0 FDR/SDR (ref.)411 (52.62)0.0001
 1 FDR/SDR216 (27.66)1.55 (1.08–2.22)
 ≥2 FDR/SDR154 (19.72)2.27 (1.54–3.35)
Residence
 Urban (ref.)658 (84.25)0.019
 Rural123 (15.75)1.61 (1.08–2.40)
Marital status
 Not married (ref.)151 (19.33)0.773
 Married630 (80.67)1.06 (0.72–1.56)
Education
 High school or less (ref.)166 (21.25)0.939
 Some college287 (36.75)1.00 (0.66–1.51)
 Bachelor's or more328 (42.00)0.95 (0.63–1.42)
Income (dollar;)
 ≤29,999 (ref.)86 (11.44)0.153
 30,000–49,999148 (19.68)0.68 (0.38–1.20)
 50,000–69,999145 (19.28)0.57 (0.32–1.01)
 ≥70,000373 (49.60)0.86 (0.53–1.41)
  • Abbreviations: FDR, first-degree relative; ref, reference group; SDR, second-degree relative.

  • aORs per one-point increase on continuous scales.

  • bObserved scores ranged 0–63 on scale of 0–75.

  • cScale ranged from 1–5; 3 = perceived “the same” risk as other women their age.