Table 1.

Characteristics of sample of adult cancer survivors in the United States from the NHANES 1999–2012

Nonsmoking cancer survivors with SHSe(N = 686)Nonsmoking cancer survivors with indoor household SHSe (N = 117)N (%)
Age
 20–39 years42 (6.12)8 (6.84)
 40–59 years142 (20.70)30 (25.64)
 ≥60 years502 (73.18)79 (67.52)
Gender
 Female333 (48.54)61 (52.14)
 Male353 (51.46)56 (47.86)
Race/Ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic whites460 (67.06)80 (68.38)
 Non-Hispanic blacks142 (20.70)26 (22.22)
 Mexican Hispanics40 (5.83)6 (5.13)
 Others44 (6.41)5 (4.27)
Educational level
 Less than high school206 (30.03)39 (33.33)
 High school181 (26.38)33 (28.21)
 Greater than high school298 (43.44)45 (38.46)
 Missing1 (0.15)0 (0)
Household income level
 ≥300% federal poverty level235 (34.26)35 (29.91)
 100–299% federal poverty level282 (41.11)54 (46.15)
 <100% federal poverty level100 (14.58)21 (17.95)
 Missing69 (10.06)7 (5.98)
Marital status
 Married/living with partner408 (59.48)75 (64.10)
 Widowed/divorced/separated240 (34.99)35 (29.91)
 Never married30 (4.37)6 (5.13)
 Missing8 (1.17)1 (0.85)
Smoking status
 Never smokers295 (43.00)45 (38.46)
 Former smokers391 (57.00)72 (61.54)
 Missing0 (0)0 (0)
Cigarette pack-years (former smokers)a
 ≤20155 (39.64)28 (38.89)
 20–4072 (18.41)13 (18.06)
 >40116 (29.67)23 (31.94)
 Missing48 (12.28)8 (11.11)
Number of indoor HH smokers
 189 (12.97)97 (82.91)
 215 (2.19)15 (12.82)
 ≥35 (0.73)5 (4.27)
 Missing577 (84.11)0 (0)
Cancer site related to smoking
 No490 (71.43)74 (63.25)
 Yes196 (28.57)43 (36.75)
Time of first cancer diagnosis
 Childhood/teenage25 (3.64)9 (7.69)
 Adulthood659 (96.06)107 (91.45)
 Missing2 (0.29)1 (0.85)
Number of years since first cancer diagnosis
 <2 years98 (14.29)15 (12.82)
 2–4 years142 (20.70)23 (19.66)
 5–9 years162 (23.62)23 (19.66)
 ≥10 years282 (41.11)55 (47.01)
 Missing2 (0.29)1 (0.85)
History of cardiovascular disease
 No485 (70.70)76 (64.96)
 Yes195 (28.43)38 (32.48)
 Missing6 (0.87)3 (2.56)
History of chronic respiratory disease
 No527 (76.82)87 (74.36)
 Yes154 (22.45)29 (24.79)
 Missing5 (0.73)1 (0.85)
Routine place of medical care
 Yes642 (93.59)109 (93.16)
 No44 (6.41)8 (6.84)
Survey cycle
 1999–200082 (11.95)12 (10.26)
 2001–2002106 (15.45)23 (19.66)
 2003–2004118 (17.20)24 (20.51)
 2005–200679 (11.52)14 (11.97)
 2007–2008145 (21.14)16 (13.68)
 2009–201087 (12.68)20 (17.09)
 2011–201269 (10.06)8 (6.84)
  • aN = 391, rather than 686 because this applied to former smokers only.