Table 4.

Sun protection behaviors compared between melanoma survivors and nonmelanoma controls

Melanoma survivorsNonmelanoma controlsSex- and age-adjustedFully adjusteda
N (%)N (%)OR (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)P value
When outside in the summer on a warm sunny day, how often do you…
Wear sunscreen<0.0001<0.0001
 Never/rarely/sometimes275 (38.1)391 (61.6)1.001.00
 Often/always446 (61.9)244 (38.4)2.89 (2.29–3.65)3.31 (2.48–4.41)
Wear a shirt with sleeves<0.0001<0.0001
 Never/rarely/sometimes165 (23.0)216 (34.1)1.001.00
 Often/always553 (77.0)418 (65.9)1.83 (1.41–2.37)1.87 (1.40–2.51)
Wear a hat with brim<0.00010.01
 Never/rarely/sometimes480 (66.8)489 (77.4)1.001.00
 Often/always239 (33.2)143 (22.6)1.72 (1.34–2.21)1.44 (1.09–1.90)
Stay in the shade<0.0001<0.0001
 Never/rarely/sometimes372 (51.9)453 (71.3)1.001.00
 Often/always345 (48.1)182 (28.7)2.38 (1.89–3.00)1.99 (1.54–2.57)
  • aAdjusted for sex, age, education, income, smoking status, phenotypic risk group, freckles, moles, personal history of other skin cancer, family history of melanoma, and lifetime sun exposure, outdoor activities, mean sunscreen, and sunburns reported prior to diagnosis or reference date.