Table 2.

Cox proportional hazards regression models relating racial bias in mortgage lending to all-cause and colorectal cancer–specific mortality

Black patients (n = 682)White patients (n = 4,699)
Model 1.1Model 1.2Model 1.3Model 1.4
HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)
All-cause survival
 Population density (100 per sq km)0.88 (0.64–1.23)0.88 (0.64–1.21)1.23a (1.06–1.44)1.27a (1.08–1.48)
 Racial bias index (continuous)1.02 (0.92–1.13)1.01 (0.98–1.04)
 Racial bias index (binary; ≥2)1.37a (1.06–1.76)0.95 (0.84–1.08)
Colorectal cancer–specific survival
 Population density (100 per sq km)0.93 (0.62–1.39)0.92 (0.62–1.37)1.24a (1.02–1.51)1.27a (1.04–1.55)
 Racial bias index (continuous)1.02 (0.91–1.14)1.00 (0.97–1.04)
 Racial bias index (Binary; ≥2)1.25 (0.92–1.70)0.95 (0.81–1.12)