Table 2.

Baseline characteristics, follow-up, and cancer incidence of participants in the 7 cohorts of the CHANCES consortium

EPIC-Elderly
CohortRotterdam studySpainSwedenGreeceNetherlandsDenmarkNIH-AARP
N3,8744,9563,1149,0416,15014,765319,716
Median follow-up, y15131310121111
Womena2,327 (60)2,813 (57)1,604 (52)5,433 (60)5,855 (95)7,872 (53)128,259 (40)
Age, yb70 ± 763 ± 260 ± 167 ± 564 ± 363 ± 266 ± 3
BMIb27 ± 430 ± 426 ± 429 ± 526 ± 426 ± 427 ± 5
Cancer incidencea
 Total cancers557 (14)755 (15)571 (18)733 (8)1,024 (17)3,134 (21)64,103 (20)
 Breast120 (3)55 (1)55 (2)63 (1)203 (3)321 (2)6,114 (2)
 Lung136 (4)48 (1)24 (1)119 (1)63 (1)333 (2)7,470 (2)
 Prostate134 (3)123 (3)132 (4)58 (1)16 (0.3)314 (2)4,198 (5)
 Colorectal171 (4)81 (2)61 (2)85 (1)136 (2)300 (2)5,673 (2)
Vigorous physical activitya
 No408 (11)4,666 (94)n.a.7,051 (78)2,488 (40)n.a.163,006 (51)
Educationa
 Low1,428 (37)4,240 (86)1,707 (55)8,238 (91)2,054 (33)6,064 (41)2,549 (1)
 High284 (7)310 (6)361 (12)275 (3)665 (11)2,308 (16)222,546 (70)
Smokinga
 Never1,352 (35)3,319 (67)1,861 (60)6,119 (68)2,932 (48)4,547 (31)110,304 (35)
 Current810 (21)827 (17)504 (17)1,042 (12)1,084 (18)4,878 (33)32,413 (10)
Duration of smokinga,c
 1–15 y364 (9)157 (3)151 (5)287 (3)526 (9)1,290 (9)126,079 (40)
 16–30 y517 (13)337 (7)287 (9)506 (6)862 (14)1,796 (12)39,082 (12)
 >30 y810 (21)1,115 (23)628 (20)1,831 (20)1,682 (27)6,614 (45)n.a.
Number of cigarettes smoked per daya
 1–15488 (13)334 (7)n.a596 (39)788 (13)2,846 (19)21,731 (7)
 16–25218 (6)196 (4)325 (25)233 (4)1,184 (8)6,628 (2)
 >2529 (1)53 (1)217 (61)23 (0.4)194 (1)4,054 (1)
  • aN (%), numbers do not add up to 100%. The category including missing values is not presented in the table.

  • bMean and SD.

  • cDuration of smoking 1–15 years <10 years in NIH-AARP; 16–30 years = >10 years in NIH-AARP; >30 = not applicable to NIH-AARP.