Table 3.

WCRF/AICR recommendations and adherence score breakdown of selected studies

WCRF/AICR
RecommendationHastert, 2013 and 2014aCatsburg, 2014Makarem, 2015Harris, 2016Vergnaud, 2013 Romaguera, 2012Nomura, 2016
“Be as lean as possible within the normal range of body weight”18.5 ≤ BMIb < 2518.5 ≤ BMI ≤ 250: 18.5 < BMI > 30.018.5 ≤ BMI < 250: 18.5 < BMI > 30.00: 18.5 < BMI ≥ 30.0
0.5: 25–29.90.5: 25–29.90.5: 25–<30
1: 18.5–24.91: 18.5–24.91: 18.5–<25
“Be physically active as part of everyday life”≥30 min/d of moderate/fast walking and/or moderate/strenuous activity ≥5 days/wk in ≥7 of the past 10 y≥210 min/wk0: <30 PAIc≥30 min/dd0: <15 min/de0: all other
0.5: 30–330.5: 15–30 min/df0.5: 2–4x/wk moderate or 1x/wk vigorous
1: >331: Manual/heavy manual job, or >2 h/wk vigorous, or >30 min/df1: ≥2x/wk vigorous or ≥5x/wk moderate
“Eat mostly foods of plant origin”≥5 servings of fruits + veg and ≥1 serving whole grains and/or legumes/d>400 g of veg + fruit plus ≥25 g whole grains + legumes/dFruit + Veg (servings/d)>400 g of veg + fruit plus ≥25 g whole grains and legumes/dFruit + Veg (g/d)Fruit +Veg (servings/d)
0: <2.50: <2000: <3
0.5: 2.5–<50.5: 200–<4000.5: 3–<5
1: ≥51: >4001: ≥5
Refined grains, g/dDietary fiber, g/dDietary fiber, g/d
Tertiles0: <12.50: <12.5
0.5: 12.5–<250.5: 12.5– <25
1: ≥251: ≥25
Vegetables (g/week)
0: Sf>503; NSg<2,471.4 or S<503;NS <2,471.4
0.5: S>503; NS>2,471.4
1: S<503; NS>2,471.4
“Limit intake of red meat and avoid processed meat”<18 oz red and/or processed meat per week<500 g red and <25 g processed meat per week0: ≥500 g/wk or ≥50 g/d<500 g red and <25 g processed meat/wk0: ≥500 g/wk or ≥50 g/d0: ≥500 g/wk RPh or ≥50 g/wk Pi
0.5: <500 g/wk and 3 to <50 g/d0.5: <500 g/wk and 3 to <50 g/d0.5: <500 g/wk RP and 3 to <50 g/wk P
1: <500 g/wk and <3 g/d1: <500 g/wk and <3 g/d1: <500 g/wk RP and <3 g/wk P
“Limit alcoholic drinks”≤1 drink/d for women; ≤2 drink/d for men≤1 standard drink per dayWomen g/day:Men g/day:<10 g alcohol/dWomen g/d:Men g/d:0: >20 g/d
0: >210: >420: >200: >300.5: >10–20
0.5: 14–240.5: 28–420.5: >10–200.5: >20–301: ≤10
1: ≤141: ≤281: ≤101: ≤20
“Limit consumption of EDj foods; avoid sugary drinks”ED of diet <125 kcal/100 g or <1 sugary drink/wkED of food <125 kcal/100 g. No soda or drinks with added sugarED foods (servings/wk)<14 servings/wk of ED foods and <2 glasses/d of soda/juice0: ED: >175k0: ≥250 g/d sugary drink
Tertiles0.5: >125 to <1750.5: <250 g/d
1: ≤1251: 0 g/d
0: >250 g/d sugary drink
0.5: ≤250 g/d
1: 0 g/d
“Limit consumption of salt”Not included<2.4 g sodium/dSalty foodsNot includedNot included0: >2400 mg/d
Tertiles0.5: >1500–2400 mg/d
1: ≤1500 mg/d
Sodium intake, g/d
0: >3.6
0.5: 2.4–3.6
1: <2.4
“Dietary supplements not recommended for cancer prevention”Not includedNot includedNot includedDid not report consuming on a regular basisNot includedNot included
“Mothers to breastfeed”Not includedNot includedNot includedNot included0: No BFlNot included
0.5: >0 to <6 months
1: ≥6 months
  • aHastert 2014 evaluated both men and women.

  • bBMI, kg/m2.

  • cPhysical activity index.

  • dWalking/cycling + leisure time exercise.

  • eCycling or sports.

  • fStarchy vegetable.

  • gNon-starchy vegetable.

  • hRed and processed meat.

  • iProcessed meat.

  • jEnergy dense/density.

  • kkcal/100 g/d.

  • lBreastfeeding.