Table 2.

Prevalence and framing of health disparities/SDH stories

City A, mainstream paperCity A, ethnic paperCity B, mainstream paperCity B, ethnic paperTotal across papers
No. of health disparities stories1461021
No. of non-disparities health stories1303642559650
Disparities cause specifiedb,c025714
 Framed in genetic terms0101
 Framed in behavioral (individual) terms1157
 Framed in health care terms1102
 Framed in societal (social contextual) terms0224
Disparities solution specifiedb,d023611
 Framed in genetic terms0000
 Framed in behavioral (individual) terms1157
 Framed in health care terms1113
 Framed in societal (social contextual) terms0112
Health disparities defined as comparison of specific groupsb1361020
 Comparison of race/ethnicity135918
 Comparison of socioeconomic status or position00257
 Comparison of other individual, group, or societal characteristic (e.g., gender, age, sexual orientation, geographic region)10124
  • an refers to the number of news stories.

  • bCoders could identify more than one causal or solution explanation in a single news story. Similarly, they could identify more than one disparities comparison in a single news story. Coders could also identify no causal explanations, solution explanations, or comparison of specific groups in a single news story.

  • cGenetic cause = group differences in genetic makeup; behavioral cause = group differences in knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, or cultural norms; health care cause = group differences in access to health care or differences in the quality of health care received; societal cause = group differences in social, physical, or environmental conditions. Coders who selected one of these four causal explanations responded to a corresponding follow-up question that asked which particular genetic, behavioral, health care, or societal cause(s) was mentioned [e.g., for behavioral causes: (1) sedentary lifestyle; (2) poor diet/nutrition; (3) failure to quit smoking/tobacco use, etc.].

  • dGenetic solution = targeted genetic testing or pharmacotherapy; behavioral solution = culturally tailored behavioral interventions, educational programs, or media interventions; health care solution = increasing health insurance access, coverage, or quality; societal solution = redistributive policies to improve social, physical, or environmental conditions. Coders who selected one of these four solution explanations responded to a follow-up question asking about which particular solution(s) was mentioned [e.g., for behavioral solutions: (1) physical activity interventions; (2) dietary interventions; (3) smoking cessation interventions, etc.].