Table 3.

Invasive cancer IRsa by Appalachian Region and US non-Appalachia, by race and gender, 2004–2011

Southernb Appalachia rate (CI)cCentrald Appalachia rate (CI)Northerne Appalachia rate (CI)All Appalachia rate (CI)USf non-Appalachia rate (CI)
Males and females
 White470.4 (468.5–472.3)482.0g (480.5–483.6)493.5g (492.0–495.1)484.0g (483.0–484.9)470.4 (470.1–470.7)
 Black483.3g (478.6–488.1)476.9 (469.3–484.6)513.5g (505.2–521.9)488.2g (484.6–491.8)480.0 (479.1–480.9)
Males
 White559.0g (555.9–562.2)558.7g (556.2–561.1)561.6g (559.1–564.1)560.3g (558.7–561.8)535.9 (535.4–536.4)
 Black638.7g,h (629.8–647.7)601.1 (587.6–614.9)609.1h (595.0–623.4)624.5g (617.9–631.1)604.6 (603.0–606.2)
Females
 White408.4g (406.1–410.8)428.3g (426.3–430.2)448.3g (446.2–450.4)431.4g (430.2-432.6)424.2 (423.8–424.6)
 Black383.5g (378.1–388.9)393.4 (384.2–402.7)451.3g (440.8–461.9)398.5 (394.3–402.8)397.6 (396.5–398.7)
  • aRates are per 100,000 persons age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.

  • bSouthern Appalachia includes all Appalachian counties in Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, and South Carolina.

  • cCI = 95% confidence interval.

  • dCentral Appalachia includes all Appalachian counties in Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia.

  • eNorthern Appalachia includes all Appalachian counties in Maryland, New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania.

  • fUS non-Appalachia includes all counties not in Appalachia.

  • gThe rate ratio indicates that the rate is significantly different than the US non-Appalachia rate (P < 0.05).

  • hThe rate ratio indicates that the rate is significantly higher than the rate for the white population.