Table 2.

Plasma concentrations of isoflavones in cases and controls

WomenMen
Cases (n = 28)Controls (n = 54)Cases (n = 62)Controls (n = 121)
IsoflavonesMedian (interquartile range)Median (interquartile range)P valueaMedian (interquartile range)Median (interquartile range)P valuea
Genistein (ng/mL)46.5 (16.2–111.4)44.6 (17.1–164.2)0.7194.8 (30.2–201.9)64.7 (31.3–162.5)0.25
Diadzein (ng/mL)18.8 (3.3–43.9)21.7 (5.3–65.0)0.3031.8 (7.3–81.2)27.4 (10.0–66.8)0.76
Glyciteinb (ng/mL)1.5 (0–3.5)1.1 (0–3.5)0.772.4 (0–7.8)2.1 (0–5.4)0.22
Equolb (ng/mL)0 (0–3.3)2.8 (0–14.6)0.047.1 (0–26.9)3.7 (0–16.7)0.25
  • aCalculated using the Mann–Whitney test.

  • bValues below the detection limit (< 1.0 ng/mL) were regarded as zero.