Table 1.

Characteristics of the 19 studies on FIT uptake in males and females included in the meta-analysis

Study & yearPopulation basedAge range, yLetter of invitationTest delivery methodRecruitment locationRecommendation/endorsementReminderNumber of samples and intervalTestCountry
Cohort studies
 Senore et al., 2012 (33)Yes58 and 60Letter—no advance notificationTest collectedGPGPNo reminder1OC SensorItaly
Cross-sectional studies
 Fenochi et al., 2006 (26)No50+Not reportedTest collectedGPGP2-mo reminder1OC HemodiaUruguay
 Gregory et al., 2011 (32)Yes50–74Advance notification letter to screening surveyTest mailedCentralNo recommendion6-wk reminderNot reportedInSureAustralia
 Kluhsman et al., 2012 (38)No50+Face to face rec ruitmentTest collectedGPGP2 wksNot reportedINSureUnited States
 Crotta et al., 2004 (25)Yes50–74Letter—no advance notificationTest collectedCentralMayor2-mo reminder1OC Sensor, JapanItaly
 Chen et al., 2007 (27)Yes50+Not reportedTest collectedOut-reachPublic health nurseNot reported1Not reportedTaiwan
 Parente et al., 2009 (29)Yes50–69Letter—no advance notificationTest collectedCentralNo recommendionNo reminders1HM-JackItaly
 Levy et al., 2010 (30)No50–64Advance notification letterTest mailedCentralNo recommendionNot reportedNot reportedClearview ULTRA FOBUnited States
 Park et al., 2011 (22)Yes50+Not reportedNot reportedNot reportedNot reportedNot reportedNot reportedNot reportedRepublic of Korea
 Cai et al., 2011 (31)Yes40–74Not reportedNot reportedNot reportedNot reportedNot reported2 at interval of 1 weekNot reportedChina
 Ferrari et al., 2012 (36)Yes50–69Not reportedNot reportedNot reportedGPReminder - interval not reportedNot reportedTes t tubeItaly
 McDonald et al., 2012 (37)Yes50–74Letter—no advance notificationTest mailedCentralNo recommendionNot reported1EikenScotland
 Kelley et al., 2013 (40)Yes50–75Letter—no advance notificationTest mailedNot reportedNot reportedNot reported2 at interval of 1 dayOC SensorIreland
Randomized control trials
 Cole et al., 2002 (23)No50+Letter—no advance notificationTest mailedCentral & GPNo recommendation/practice/GP6-wk reminder3 interval not reportedFlexsure OBTAustralia
 Cole et al., 2003 (24)Yes50–69Letter—no advance notificationTest mailedCentralNo recommendion6-wk reminder3 (FlexSure OBT) interval not reported 2 (Insure) Interval not reportedFlexSure OBT/InSureAustralia
 Gupta et al., 2013 (39)Yes54–64Letter—no advance notificationTest mail edCentralNo recommendion3-wk reminder1O C -Auto FIT C HEKUnited States
 Hol et al., 2012 (34)Yes50–74Advance notification letterTest mailedCentralNo recommendion6-wk reminder1OC Sensorthe Netherlands
 Quintero et al., 2012 (35)Yes50–69Advance notification letterTest collectedCentralGP/specialist3- and 6-mo reminders1OC SensorSpain
 van Rossum et al., 2008 (28)Yes50–75Letter—no advance notificationTest mailedCentralNo recommendion2-wk reminder1OC Sensorthe Netherlands