Table 2.

Uptake figures by male and female for the 19 studies in meta-analysis with ORs, 95% CI, and P value

TotalMalesFemales
InvitedScreenedInvitedScreenedInvitedScreened
Author/yearnn (%)nn (%)nn (%)OR (95% CI)P
Park et al., 2011 Round 1 (22)2,265,379237,865 (10.5%)969,813105,710 (10.9%)1,295,566123,148 (10.2%)1.16 (1.15–1.17)P < 0.05
Park et al., 2011 Round 3 (22)4,406,700691,754 (15.7%)2,062,961307,381 (14.9%)2,343,739384,373 (16.4%)0.89 (0.89–0.90)P < 0.05
Park et al., 2011 Round 6 (22)4,625,5571,211,896 (26.2%)2,150,635535,508 (24.9%)2,474,922675,654 (27.3%)0.88 (0.88–0.89)P < 0.05
Cole et al., 2002 (23)2,400857 (35.7%)1,094375 (34.2%)1,306482 (36.9%)0.89 (0.75–1.05)P = 0.18
Cole et al., 2003 (24)1,212425 (35.1%)592196 (33.1%)620229 (36.9%)0.85 (0.67–1.07)P = 0.33
Crotta et al., 2004 (25)2,9611,631 (55.1%)1,403710 (50.6%)1,558921 (59.1%)0.71 (0.61–0.82)P < 0.05
Fenocchi et a1., 2006 (26)11,73410,573 (90.1%)3,6633,282 (89.6%)8,0717,291 (90.3%)0.92 (0.81–1.05)P = 0.22
Chen et al., 2007 (27)56,96822,672 (39.8%)21,5029,481 (44.1%)35,46613,191 (37.2%)1.33 (1.29–1.38)P < 0.05
van Rossum et al., 2008 (28)10,3226,157 (59.6%)5,0372,820 (55.9%)5,2853,337 (63.1%)0.74 (0.69–0.80)P < 0.05
Parente et al., 2009 (29)78,08338,693 (49.6%)37,83818,314 (48.4%)37,95020,379 (53.7%)0.81 (0.79–0.83)P < 0.05
Levy et al., 2010 (30)297235 (79.1%)131131 (80.9%)166129 (77.7%)1.22 (0.69–2.15)P = 0.50
Cai et al., 2011 (31)31,96324,409 (76.4%)16,16911,962 (74.0%)15,79412,447 (79.0%)0.76 (0.73–0.81)P < 0.05
Gregory et al., 2011 (32)375192 (51.2%)18186 (47.5%)194106 (54.6%)0.75 (0.50–1.13)P = 0.17
Senore et al., 2012 (33)37,6917,281 (19.3%)17,2232,719 (15.8%)20,4684,562 (22.3%)0.65 (0.62–0.69)P < 0.05
Hol et al., 2012 (34)4,4071,092 (24.8%)2,221472 (21.3%)2,186620 (28.4%)0.68 (0.59–0.78)P < 0.05
Quintero et al., 2012 (35)26,5999,089 (34.2%)12,1564,145 (34.1%)14,4434,944 (34.2%)0.99 (0.94–1.05)P = 0.82
Ferrari et al., 2012 (36)42,2451,744 (41.3%)20,3117,980 (39.3%)21,9349,461 (43.0%)0.85 (0.82–0.89)P < 0.05
McDonald et al., 2012 (37)66,22538,720 (58.5%)32,31818,058 (55.8%)33,90720,662 (60.9%)0.81 (0.79–0.84)P < 0.05
Kluhsman et al., 2012 (38)200145 (72.5%)5029 (58.0%)150116 (77.0%)0.40 (0.21–0.80)P < 0.05
Gupta et al., 2013 (39)1,593648 (40.7%)600232 (38.7%)993416 (41.9%)0.87 (0.71–1.08)P = 0.20
Kelley et al., 2013 (40)9,7045,023 (51.8%)4,4992,177 (48.4%)5,2052,846 (54.7%)0.78 (0.72–0.84)P < 0.05