Table 1.

Sample characteristics and melanoma knowledge, beliefs, and barriers of parents

VariableCategories% (N)
Sample characteristics
Characteristics of parent/respondent (n = 324)
 Mean age (SD)Range (26–52 years)42.3 years (6.02)
 SexFemale69.75 (226)
 EthnicityNon-Latino white83.64 (271)
Latino/Hispanic16.36 (53)
 Parent education levelLess than college degree38.89 (126)
≥College graduate61.11 (198)
 Total household income<$50,00014.68 (43)
$50,000–$100,000030.72 (90)
>$100,000054.61 (160)
 Stage at diagnosisIn situ27 (89)
Stage 165 (212)
All others7 (23)
 Average time since diagnosis (SD)Range (17–76 months)41.22 months (SD = 10.36)
 Current status of cancerCompleted treatment95.99 (311)
 Family history of melanoma2 or more diagnoses29.91 (96)
1 diagnosis in family70.09 (225)
 Health insurance statusAny public or private97.21 (314)
Characteristics of selected child (n = 324)
 Mean age (SD)9.19 years (4.43)
 Categorical age0–4 years14.20 (46)
5–10 years45.68 (148)
11–15 years29.63 (96)
16–17 years10.49 (34)
 SexFemale49.07 (159)
 Objective risk/sun sensitivity(Min = 4; Max = 16)10.05 (2.72)
Melanoma-related knowledge, beliefs, and barriers of parent respondents
Knowledge score (range, 0–9)7.05 (1.34)
Perceived risk of melanoma (compared with other children)
 More likely53.27 (171)
 Less likely/same46.73 (150)
Discussed child's risk for melanoma with MD46.27 (149)
Perceived efficacy of sun protection (range, 0–10)8.65 (1.23)
Perceived severity of melanoma (range, 0–10)9.54 (1.18)
Barriers to sun protection (range, 0–6)3.50 (1.40)
Social norms score (range, 0–6)2.58 (1.48)

NOTE: For melanoma-related knowledge, beliefs, and barriers variables higher mean scores reflect greater endorsement or level of the variable. See “Survey Instrument” for response options, coding, and scoring information for each variable.