Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of the study population

Exercise group (n = 96)Control group (n = 93)
Mean (SD)/median (range)Mean (SD)/median (range)Pdifference
Age, y58.9 (4.6)58.4 (4.2)0.45
Years since menopause8.9 (6.3)9.9 (6.2)0.30
Weight, kg73.6 (8.2)74.8 (10.8)0.39
Height, cm165.5 (6.5)166.4 (6.0)0.33
BMI, kg/m226.6 (2.9)27.3 (3.6)0.14
Fat mass, kg28.3 (5.7)29.9 (8.0)0.13
Body fat, %39.8 (4.5)40.9 (5.8)0.13
Alcohol, g/d7.5 (0.0–53.9)5.3 (0.0–75.2)0.27
Total energy intake, kJ/d7,818 (1,946)8,096 (1,788)0.31
Physical activity, MET h/wk4.9 (0.0–120.0)4.3 (0.0–70.7)0.36
Educationn (%)n (%)0.03
 Primary school5 (5)5 (5)
 Technical/professional school29 (30)29 (31)
 Secondary school38 (40)20 (22)
 Academic degree24 (25)39 (42)
Median (IQR)Median (IQR)
Insulin, μU/mL6.68 (4.78–9.60)7.39 (5.25–10.23)0.83
Glucose, mmol/L5.22 (4.94–5.48)5.11 (4.88–5.44)0.90
HOMA20.76 (0.54–1.11)0.84 (0.58–1.17)0.83

NOTE: Insulin, n = 189 (100%); glucose, n = 181 (95.8%); HOMA2, n = 181 (95.8%).

Abbreviation: IQR, interquartile range.