Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of pancreatic cancer cases and controls

VariableCases (n = 331)Controls (n = 331)P
Men, women (n)150, 181150, 181Matched
Age at recruitment (y), mean (range)57 (30–75)57 (30–75)Matched
Age at diagnosis (y), mean (range)63 (37–82)
Follow-up (y), mean (range)5.3 (0–13)
Telomere length, mean + SD0.59 ± 0.200.57 ± 0.170.07
 Men0.57 ± 0.180.56 ± 0.170.48
 Women0.60 ± 0.220.57 ± 0.180.08
Smoking status, n (%)0.01
 Never125 (38)152 (46)
 Former99 (30)109 (33)
 Current103 (31)66 (20)
 Unknown4 (1)4 (1)
Alcohol intake at recruitment (g/d), median range
 Men10.56 (8.37–13.31)8.94 (6.93–11.52)0.339
 Women4.77 (3.73–6.10)4.14 (3.28–5.22)0.401
BMI (kg/m2), mean ± SD26.4 ± 4.525.7 ± 4.1
 Men26.5 ± 3.326.4 ± 3.60.742
 Women26.4 ± 5.225.2 ± 4.30.019
Diabetes status
 Self-reported diabetes at recruitment (%)26 (8)14 (4)0.143
 HbA1c ≥6.5% (48 mmol/mol; %)40 (12)21 (6)0.011
 Self-reported diabetes or HbA1c ≥6.5% (%)44 (14)25 (8)0.017