Table 1.

Distribution of patients (N = 463) by clinical and demographic characteristics

VariablesDead, N (%)Alive, N (%)PShorter TLLonger TLP
113 (24.4)350 (75.6)238 (51.4)225 (48.6)
Age (years)
 Mean (SD)67.0 (6.9)62.6 (7.8)3.2 × 10−864.1 (7.5)63.3 (8.0)0.2
Smoking status
 Never2 (1.8)28 (8.0)12 (5.0)18 (8.0)
 Former58 (51.3)164 (46.9)110 (46.2)112 (49.8)
 Current53 (46.9)158 (45.1)6.3 × 10−2116 (48.7)95 (42.2)0.2
Tumor stage (T)
 Tis/Ta/T181 (71.7)324 (95)204 (87.2)201 (91.4)
 T2+32 (28.3)17 (5.0)1.4 × 10−1130 (12.8)19 (8.6)0.2
Tumor grade (G)
 G125 (22.3)120 (34.6)68 (28.8)77 (34.5)
 G229 (25.9)128 (36.9)81 (34.3)76 (34.1)
 G358 (51.8)99 (28.5)3.7 × 10−587 (36.9)70 (31.4)0.3
Tumor grade (WHO 2004 + WHO 1973)
 NHG49 (43.4)234 (66.9)140 (58.8)143 (63.6)
 HG64 (56.6)116 (33.1)1.4 × 10−598 (41.2)82 (36.4)0.3
TG
 NMI/NHG45 (39.8)225 (66.0)133 (56.8)137 (62.3)
 NMI/HG36 (31.9)99 (29.0)71 (30.3)64 (29.1)
 MI/NHG4 (3.5)1 (0.3)4 (1.7)1 (0.5)
 MI/HG28 (24.8)16 (4.7)1.5 × 10−1126 (11.1)18 (8.2)0.4
Chemotherapy
 No44 (38.9)190 (54.3)111 (46.6)123 (54.7)
 Intravesical64 (56.6)150 (42.9)118 (49.6)96 (42.7)
 Systemic5 (4.4)10 (2.9)1.7 × 10−29 (3.8)6 (2.7)0.2
Radiotherapy
 No95 (84.1)335 (95.7)220 (92.4)210 (93.3)
 Yes18 (15.9)15 (4.3)7.1 × 10−518 (7.6)15 (6.7)0.9
Radical cystectomy
 No47 (54)136 (80.5)103 (68.7)80 (75.5)
 Yes40 (46)33 (19.5)1.8 × 10−547 (31.3)26 (24.5)0.3
BCG
 No85 (75.2)218 (62.3)160 (67.2)143 (63.6)
 Yes28 (24.8)132 (37.7)1.6 × 10−278 (32.8)82 (36.4)0.5
Therapy
 No40 (35.4)102 (29.1)74 (31.1)68 (30.2)
 Yes73 (64.6)248 (70.9)0.3164 (68.9)157 (69.8)0.9
TL
 Mean (SD)0.7 (0.2)0.8 (0.2)7.6 × 10−7
 Shorter79 (69.9)159 (45.4)
 Longer34 (30.1)191 (54.6)9.9 × 10−6

NOTE: Significant results are given in bold. Shorter TL, TL ≤ 0.8 (median value); Longer TL, TL > 0.8.