Table 2.

Multivariate Cox regression survival analysis, including TL, age, TG, BCG, radical cystectomy, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy; death for bladder cancer

VariablesHR (95% CI)P
TL (shorter telomeres)3.9 (1.7–9.1)1.2 × 10−3
Age1.1 (1.0–1.1)2.0 × 10−2
TG (NMI/HG)1.8 (0.6–5.7)0.3
TG (MI/anyG)6.1 (2.6–14.1)3.0 × 10−5
BCG (Yes)0.9 (0.3–2.8)0.8
Radical cystectomy (Yes)2.5 (1.1–5.3)2.0 × 10−2
Radiotherapy (Yes)5.6 (2.3–13.6)1.6 × 10−4
Intravesical chemotherapy (Yes)1.6 (0.6–3.8)0.3
Systemic chemotherapy (Yes)0.3 (0.1–2.0)0.2

NOTE: Significant results are given in bold.