Table 2.

Selected research domains and methods (n = 16 studies)a

Research domains and methodsn
Research continuum
 Prevalence in selected population7
 Behavioral–organizational epidemiology10
 Measurement/instrument development10
 Theory testing/development6
 Intervention design/mapping6
 Piloting of intervention2
 Testing of intervention11
 Dissemination-diffusion planning3
 Economic analyses: (cost of intervention-3, cost of evaluation-1, cost-effectiveness-2)3
Design
 Experimental
  RCT—Individual level5
  RCT—Group level3
 Quasi-experimental
  Time series1
  Prospective cohort3
 Nonexperimental
  Secondary data analyses1
  Convenience sample descriptive3
Models
 Chronic care model3
 Ecologic model2
 Precede–Proceed2
 Other—each cited once (e.g., preventive health model, community based approaches model, health belief model, RE-AIM, access to cancer care model)9
Theories
 Social cognitive/learning model3
 Theory of reasoned action/theory of planned behavior3
 Diffusion theory2
 Other—each cited once (e.g. grounded theory, locus of control, cognitive-social health information-processing model)8
Data sources
 Qualitative strategies (focus groups and key informant interviews): patients (n = 10), clinicians (n = 5), and others (n = 4).12
 Surveys: patients (n = 11), clinicians (n = 2)11
 Medical records and summary reports10
Levels of measures
 Individual patient16
 Lay individual/advisors2
 Health care provider4
 Group (family)2
 Organizations2
 Community6
Statistical methods
 Qualitative10
 Descriptive12
 Hierarchical3
 Time series2
 Regression12
Population focus age
 Screening eligible, but variable groups, e.g. 5–79, 16+, depending on screening test16
Population inclusion—patient race/ethnicity
 Hispanic10
 Asian6
 African American11
 Caucasian14
 American Indian3
 Alaska Native2
 Hawaiian1
 Pacific Asian Islander2
  • aTotal may be >16 studies because of multiple responses.