Table 2.

Comparison of serum biochemical parameters between participants with and without rectal NETs

Rectal NET (n = 101)No rectal NET (n = 57,718)P
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)200.8 ± 35.6199.8 ± 34.80.782
LDL-C (mg/dL)126.7 ± 32.8124.9 ± 32.10.572
HDL-C (mg/dL)51.4 ± 12.555.2 ± 13.90.006
Triglycerides (mg/dL)108.0 (72.0–161.5)96.0 (68.0–141.0)0.021
 ≥ 15032 (31.7%)12,783 (22.1%)0.021
Lipoprotein (a) (mg/dL)25.7 (14.8–43.9)25.4 (14.6–41.8)0.690
Apolipoprotein A1 (mg/dL)131.2 ± 20.8135.5 ± 22.10.050
Apolipoprotein B (mg/dL)93.5 ± 23.790.1 ± 22.90.150
hsCRP (mg/dL)0.05 (0.03–0.10)0.05 (0.03–0.10)0.790
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dL)96.2 ± 15.193.9 ± 14.90.130
HBA1C (%)5.7 ± 0.55.7 ± 0.50.843
HOMA-IR1.0 (0.6–1.6)0.9 (0.6–1.3)0.018
 ≥2.510 (9.9%)2,584 (4.5%)0.025
White blood cell (/mm3)6498 ± 16176,202 ± 16820.077
Hemoglobin (g/dL)15.4 ± 1.314.9 ± 1.5<0.001
Hematocrit (%)45.3 ± 3.743.7 ± 3.9<0.001
AST (U/L)26.0 (20.0–34.5)24.0 (20.0–30.0)0.166
ALT (U/L)28.0 (18.0–43.0)23.0 (17.0–34.0)0.008
ALP (U/L)58.0 (51.0–69.0)60.0 (51.0–71.0)0.472
γ-GGT (U/L)33.0 (18.0–54.5)26.0 (16.0–44.0)0.026
Total bilirubin (mg/dL)1.1 ± 0.51.0 ± 0.40.151

NOTE: Data are presented as mean ± SD, median (interquartile range), or number (%). P value by t test or Mann–Whitney U test for continuous variables and χ2 or Fisher's exact test for categorical variables.

Abbreviations: ALP, alkaline phosphatase; HBA1C, hemoglobin A1c; HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance; γ-GGT, gamma-glutamyltransferase.