Table 1.

Some prominent risk factors for gastric cardia and noncardia cancers

Risk factors for gastric cancer
CardiaNoncardia
AgeAge
Male sexMale sex
Tobacco smokingTobacco smoking
RaceRace
Family historyFamily history
Low physical activityLow physical activity
Fiber intakeFiber intake
RadiationRadiation
H. pylori
Low socioeconomic status
High intake of salty and smoked food
Low consumption of fruits and vegetables
Obesity
GERD