Table 2.

Baseline colorectal cancer screening behaviors, knowledge, and perceived colorectal cancer risk by intervention group (N = 632)

Intervention group
Tailored telephone (N = 322)Mailed (N = 310)
Baseline survey questionN (%)N (%)P value for difference
Ever had colonoscopy239 (74.2)238 (76.8)0.34
Adherent with CRC screening at baselinea139 (43.2)161 (51.9)0.04
Intend to have colonoscopy in next 1–2 years163 (50.6)163 (52.6)0.46
Knowledge of risk-appropriate screening recommendationsb151 (46.9)166 (53.5)0.06
Risk perception higher than others without family history263 (81.7)253 (81.6)0.90
Barriers to CRC screening
 Reported one or more barrier228 (70.8)196 (63.4)0.048
 Median # of barriers (range)2.00 (1–14)2.00 (1–13)

Abbreviation: CRC, colorectal cancer.

  • aAdherent for participants from HNPCC families (colonoscopy within past 2 years) and high-risk families (within past 5 years).

  • bFor HNPCC, reported recommendation of “every 1–2 years”; for high risk, reported interval no less frequent than every 5 years [9, 10].