Table 1.

Suggested strategies for recruiting people from a variety of disciplines, enhancing curricula, and improving career preparation for postdoctoral cancer prevention fellowship programs

Broadening disciplinesScientific curriculaCareer preparation
  • Offer undergraduate- or graduate-level summer programs in cancer prevention.

  • Develop specific undergraduate or graduate school cancer prevention tracks or credentialing; this could include experiential learning with cancer prevention scientists.

  • Attend science career events sponsored by professional societies across the spectrum of disciplines that could contribute to cancer prevention research.

  • Hold joint cancer prevention professional meetings with organizations that are not traditionally involved in health (e.g., community planners, engineers, etc.).

  • Directly reach out to professors or students in underrepresented disciplines, and consider creating challenges and asking for ideas/assistance.

  • Develop closer ties with existing university science, technology, engineering, or medicine (STEM) programs.

  • Provide support for coursework or extensive training in selected areas (e.g., epidemiology, biostatistics, cancer biology, behavioral science, etc.).

  • Provide or authorize fellows to attend comprehensive course(s) on the state of the art in cancer prevention.

  • Provide lectures on key topics or themes in cancer prevention (e.g., history, disciplines' contributions, biology, or seminal studies).

  • Provide lectures or other meetings led by established cancer prevention researchers.

  • Develop collaborative research projects on research questions or topics that involve fellows from different disciplines.

  • Develop certification or examination criteria in cancer prevention.

  • Provide short-term opportunities or assignments to different program areas, projects, or types of positions in cancer prevention and control.

  • Directly inform fellows about cancer prevention career options through lectures or group meetings, or through sessions sponsored by professional associations, agencies, or institutions (e.g., AACR, ASPO, or NIH).

  • Convene facilitated individual or small group career planning meetings; consider using preexisting materials (e.g., books not necessarily specific to the sciences).

  • Provide opportunities to conduct cancer prevention research projects or other activities through national, state, or local governmental or nongovernmental partners.

  • Create or enhance a network of alumni from cancer prevention postdoctoral programs.