Table 3.

Univariable analysis to investigate the association of sociodemographic factors and nutritional and immunologic factors with child HHV-8 seropositivity in Lusaka, Zambia, 2004–2007

CharacteristicOR95% CIP
Child-specific characteristics
 Age of index child (mo)1.00.96–1.040.99
 Gender of index child (Reference: male)0.60.37, 1.190.12
Household-specific characteristics
 Number of household members1.10.94–1.360.18
 Number of household adults > 15 y1.50.99–2.180.05a
 Number of household youth (age > 5, ≤ 15yrs)1.10.85–1.370.51
 Number of household children (age ≤ 5 yrs)1.00.68–1.520.93
 Two parents versus single parent household1.60.86–2.930.45
 Extended family parenting versus single parent household1.60.75–3.580.45
Caregiver- and adult-specific characteristics
Relationship of primary caregiver to index child
 -Aunt versus mother5.00.44–56.00.99
 -Grandmother versus mother0.70.27–10.20.98
 Maternal age, y1.00.99–1.080.13
 Paternal age, y1.00.98–1.060.42
 Primary caregiver age, y1.00.99–1.080.10
Primary caregiver education
 -No school versus junior primary1.50.48–4.530.30
 -No school versus upper primary1.10.41–2.790.93
 -No school versus junior secondary1.10.38–3.190.87
 -No school versus upper secondary0.70.21–2.590.37
Nutritional status indicators
 Length-for-age or stature-for-age percentile1.00.99–1.010.70
 Weight-for-length or weight-for-stature percentile1.00.99–1.000.42
 Weight-for-age percentile1.00.99–1.000.13
Laboratory values
 CD4 count1.00.99–1.000.27
 CD8 count1.00.99–1.000.18
 Hematocrit1.10.86–1.480.39
 Hematocrit (normal)1.20.44–3.110.76
 Hemoglobin1.30.76–2.300.33
  • aSignificant at α level of 0.05.