Table 1.

Characteristics of study sample at baseline, stratified by study arm

Study arm
CharacteristicAll patients (n = 461)Enhanced care (n = 101)Education (n = 157)Nurse (n = 203)P-value
Age, mean (SD)58.4 (7.2)57.7 (7.6)58.3 (6.6)58.8 (7.4)0.50
N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)
Age categories
 50–59290 (63)72 (71)92 (59)126 (62)0.20
 60–69132 (29)20 (20)53 (34)59 (29)
 70–8539 (8)9 (9)12 (8)18 (9)
Female347 (75)83 (82)114 (73)150 (74)0.18
Years of education
 Less than high school144 (31)34 (34)49 (31)61 (30)0.88
 High school graduate211 (46)43 (43)76 (48)92 (45)
 Some college77 (17)16 (16)25 (16)36 (18)
 ≥College graduate29 (6)8 (8)7 (4)14 (7)
Race
 African-American290 (63)68 (67)62 (39)160 (79)<0.0001
 Caucasian/Hispanic171 (37)33 (33)95 (61)43 (21)
Marital status
 Single127 (28)21 (21)24 (15)82 (40)<0.0001
 Married179 (39)44 (44)88 (56)47 (23)
 Separated26 (6)6 (6)6 (4)14 (7)
 Divorced76 (16)18 (18)21 (13)37 (18)
 Widowed53 (12)12 (12)18 (11)23 (11)
Literacy level
 Limited (0–60)235 (51)68 (67)51 (32)116 (57)<0.0001
 Adequate (61–66)226 (49)33 (33)106 (68)87 (43)