Table 1.

Sociodemographic associations with Internet use in the ELSA (Waves 1–5)

% (n)Ordinal regression for a higher level of Internet use (n = 5,625)
Never usersIntermittent usersConsistent usersOR (95% CI)
All (n = 5,943)41.4 (2,458)38.31 (2,277)20.3 (1,208)
Gender
 Female (n = 3,337)46.6 (1,555)37.1 (1,237)16.33 (545)Reference
 Male (n = 2,606)34.7 (903)39.9 (1,040)25.4 (663)1.41 (1.26–1.57)
Age at wave 1
 50–59 (n = 2,623)23.5 (616)45.8 (1,202)30.7 (805)Reference
 60–69 (n = 1,997)45.9 (917)37.5 (749)16.6 (331)0.46 (0.40–0.52)
 70–79 (n = 1,271)67.7 (747)26.3 (290)6.1 (67)0.21 (0.18–0.24)
 Above 80 (n = 343)81.3 (178)16.4 (36)2.3 (5)0.13 (0.09–0.19)
Marital status
 Not married (n = 1,803)54.5 (983)32.4 (584)13.1 (236)Reference
 Married (n = 4,139)35.6 (1,475)584 (1,692)23.5 (972)1.30 (1.15–1.47)
Total net (nonpension) household wealth
 Quartile 1 (least affluent, n = 1,460)60.5 (884)31.2 (456)8.2 (120)Reference
 2 (n = 1,473)47.3 (696)36.6 (540)16.1 (237)1.43 (1.22–1.68)
 3 (n = 1,473)33.5 (494)43.3 (637)23.2 (342)1.77 (1.51–2.08)
 4 (most affluent, n = 1,472)24.4 (359)41.5 (611)34.1 (502)2.51 (2.12–2.97)
Ethnicity
 Non-White (n = 119)55.5 (66)35.3 (42)9.2 (11)Reference
 White (n = 5,643)40.8 (2,299)38.0 (2,139)21.2 (1,196)2.46 (1.64–3.71)
Education
 No qualification (n = 2,011)67.1 (1,350)28.2 (567)4.7 (94)Reference
 Intermediate (n = 3,071)32.9 (1,011)43.7 (1,342)23.4 (718)2.80 (2.46–3.2)
 Degree (n = 857)11.0 (94)42.8 (367)46.2 (396)5.97 (4.94–7.21)
Cognitive function
 Mean (SE) delayed recall (n = 5,872)3.85 (.39)4.72 (.38)5.24 (.49)1.12 (1.08–1.15)
 Mean (SE) verbal fluency (n = 5,872)18.67 (.12)21.20 (.13)23.18 (.18)1.02 (1.01–1.03)
Limitations in physical capabilities
 No (n = 4,664)36.8 (1,718)40.4 (1,868)23.1 (1,078)Reference
 Yes (n = 1,275)57.9 (738)31.9 (407)10.2 (130)0.71 (0.62–0.82)

NOTE: Total n may vary due to missing data. Regression analyses controlled for all variables in the table.