Table 2.

Meta-analysis results using the quality effects and random effects models: risk of basal cell carcinoma associated with cutaneous markers of photo-damage

StudiesQuality effects model OR (95% CI)Random effects model OR (95% CI)I2 (%)Pheterogeneity
Actinic keratosis
Present vs. absent73.28 (2.71–3.96)3.19 (2.57–3.95)33.00.17
Less than 1032.22 (1.71–2.89)2.26 (1.71–2.99)20.00.28
More than 1034.97 (3.26–7.58)4.96 (2.83–8.69)67.00.05
Solar elastosis
Present vs. absent51.58 (1.04–2.40)1.13 (0.52–2.45)90.00.00
Solar lentigines
Present vs. absent71.44 (1.10–1.89)1.71 (1.17–2.48)85.00.00
Telangiectasia
Present vs. absent31.59 (1.31–1.93)1.59 (1.31–1.93)00.00.90