Table 1.

Baseline characteristics

MenWomen
(n = 4,583)(n = 1,589)
Age (years)60 (10)59 (12)
Smoking, current1,477 (32)564 (36)
Smoking, ever3,688 (84)1,111 (70)
Pack years of smokinga20 (6–35)12 (0–29)
Alcohol consumption, current2,428 (53)643 (41)
BMI (kg/m2)27 (4)27 (5)
VAT (cm)10 (3)8 (2)
Metabolic syndrome components
Waist circumference (cm)98 (11)89 (13)
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)141 (20)143 (21)
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)80 (10)78 (10)
Serum triglycerides (mmol/L)1.4 (1.0–2.1)1.4 (1.0–1.9)
High density lipoprotein (mmol/L)1.2 (0.3)1.4 (0.4)
Fasting serum glucose (mmol/L)5.8 (5.4–6.5)5.6 (5.2–6.4)
Metabolic syndromeb2,434 (53)867 (55)
Number of components:
 0–1762 (17)338 (21)
 2–32,626 (57)772 (49)
 4–51,194 (26)477 (30)
Other metabolic parameters
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)4.8 (1.2)5.2 (1.3)
Low-density lipoprotein (mmol/L)2.9 (1.0)3.0 (1.1)
C-reactive protein (mg/L)2.0 (1.0–4.4)2.4 (1.1–5.1)
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2)c77 (18)72 (18)
Medication use
Use of blood pressure–lowering medication3,446 (75)1,100 (69)
Use of glucose-lowering medication624 (14)226 (14)
Use of statins3,016 (66)945 (60)
Use of aspirin3,409 (74)1,056 (67)
Medical history
Coronary artery disease3,022 (66)699 (44)
Cerebrovascular disease1,155 (25)616 (39)
Peripheral arterial disease841 (18)403 (25)
Abdominal aortic aneurysm459 (10)86 (5)
Cancer (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer)171 (4)61 (4)
Diabetes mellitus799 (17)269 (18)

Data are mean (SD), percentage of group, or median (interquartile range).

  • aOnly for ever smokers.

  • bAccording to NCEP-R criteria.