Table 1.

Baseline demographics and smoking history of subjects by treatment group (N = 235)

OverallVLNCNPVLNC + NP
Age (y)47.0 ± 11.746.5 ± 12.247.3 ± 11.047.0 ± 11.9
Female57.9%59.5%57.5%56.6%
Non-Hispanic Whites82.0%85.9%84.8%75.0%
Education
 8th grade or less0.9%2.6%0.0%0.0%
 Some high school2.6%3.9%1.3%2.7%
 High school graduate22.8%18.0%26.3%24.0%
 Some college/2-year56.7%53.9%58.8%57.3%
 College graduate13.7%18.0%11.3%12.0%
 Graduate3.4%3.9%2.5%4.0%
Marital status
 Never married26.8%25.3%28.9%25.3%
 Currently married38.7%41.8%36.3%41.8%
 Currently not married34.5%32.9%35.0%32.9%
Cigarettes per day18.9 ± 7.219.4 ± 6.219.5 ± 8.617.7 ± 6.3
Duration of having smoked regularly (y)29.1 ± 12.029.2 ± 11.629.6 ± 11.728.4 ± 12.8
Age becoming a regular smoker (y)17.9 ± 4.617.3 ± 3.617.7 ± 4.918.8 ± 5.0
Number of quit attempts
 0–223.5%21.6%22.4%26.9%
 3–539.6%37.8%40.8%40.3%
 6–1022.6%23.0%22.4%22.4%
 11–2011.1%12.2%11.8%9.0%
 20+3.2%5.4%2.6%1.5%
Motivation to quit (0–10 scale)8.5 ± 1.48.5 ± 1.48.3 ± 1.58.6 ± 1.4
FTND5.4 ± 1.95.6 ± 1.75.3 ± 2.15.1 ± 2.0
CES-D (0–60 scale)10.6 ± 7.411.1 ± 7.710.9 ± 7.79.6 ± 6.7

NOTE: Because of missing values, the Ns were 217 for quit attempts, 224 for motivation to quit, 227 for FTND and 223 for CES-D. Otherwise, all other variables had data from 233 to 235 subjects.

Abbreviation: NP, nicotine patch.