Table 2.

Characteristics of cancer survivors by the 2007 WCRF/AICR recommendation adherence score quartile

Recommendation adherence score
AllQ1 (1.5–4.0)Q2 (4.5)Q3 (5.0–5.5)Q4 (6.0–8.0)pc
N2,017505356744412
Age (mean ± SD)78.9 ± 3.978.6 ± 3.979.2 ± 4.079.0 ± 3.978.8 ± 3.90.37
Education level (%)a
 < High school13.917.017.412.99.00.0001
 High school42.244.239.044.438.6
 Some college43.938.843.642.752.4
Marital status (%)
 Married45.345.440.746.946.10.46
 Widowed47.746.452.346.647.1
 Divorced/separated4.75.85.34.53.6
 Never married2.32.41.72.03.2
Number of comorbid conditions (%)b
 None14.610.515.214.120.2<0.0001
 125.624.223.024.730.8
 226.725.928.128.623.0
 ≥333.139.433.732.626.0
Current smoking (%)3.05.43.41.81.90.002
Perceived general health (%)
 Excellent or good76.971.973.077.685.0<0.0001
 Fair or poor23.128.127.022.415.0
Age at cancer diagnosis (mean ± SD)70.3 ± 6.169.9 ± 6.070.9 ± 5.970.1 ± 6.170.3 ± 6.40.62
Cancer type (%)
 Breast46.543.651.148.442.70.007
 Colorectal18.818.617.717.722.1
 Gynecologic13.017.412.112.110.0
 Other21.720.419.121.825.2
Cancer stage (%)
 Localized71.172.170.570.371.80.43
 Regional20.820.020.820.622.1
 Distant6.05.15.97.54.4
 Unknown2.12.82.81.61.7
Cancer treatment
 Surgery (%)93.493.293.593.094.60.73
 Chemotherapy (%)17.015.917.516.818.40.79
 Radiation (%)22.321.325.422.919.60.24
 Immunotherapy (%)2.43.01.12.62.20.34
 Hormone therapy (%)22.922.025.422.722.30.67
Time since diagnosis (%)
 2–<5 y29.227.730.129.230.30.71
 5–10 y31.834.332.329.831.8
 >10 y39.038.037.641.037.9
Current cancer treatment (%)10.713.112.19.48.70.08
Subsequent cancer (%)12.212.910.712.212.10.81
Recommendation adherence score (mean ± SD)4.9 ± 0.93.7 ± 0.54.5 ± 0.05.2 ± 0.26.3 ± 0.5<0.0001
  • aData collected at baseline (1986); other data were collected at the 2004 follow-up.

  • bAccumulated comorbid conditions up to 2004, including diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, heart attack, stroke, hip fracture, rheumatoid arthritis, and Parkinson's disease.

  • cP values from x2 test for categorical variables and P values for trend from t-test for continuous variables.