Table 3.

HR and 95% confidence intervals (CI)a for all-cause, cancer-specific, and CVD-specific mortality by the WCRF/AICR recommendation adherence score quartile

Adherence summary score
NDeathQ1 (1.5–4.0)Q2 (4.5)Q3 (5.0–5.5)Q4 (6.0–8.0)Ptrend
All-cause mortality
All survivors2,0174611.01.06 (0.81–1.39)0.91 (0.72–1.15)0.67 (0.49–0.90)0.03
 Breast cancer9382031.00.93 (0.63–1.38)0.73 (0.52–1.05)0.61 (0.39–0.96)0.01
 Colorectal cancer380821.01.17 (0.59–2.32)1.13 (0.62–2.06)1.19 (0.59–2.43)0.64
 Gynecologic cancer262501.01.17 (0.47–2.94)1.15 (0.54–2.45)0.96 (0.34–2.69)0.94
 Other cancer4371261.01.26 (0.73–2.19)1.10 (0.70–1.73)0.55 (0.30–1.01)0.12
Cancer-specific mortality
All survivors2,0171841.01.21 (0.79–1.87)1.10 (0.76–1.59)0.63 (0.39–1.04)0.21
 Breast cancer938751.01.43 (0.74–2.74)1.06 (0.57–1.99)0.88 (0.41–1.91)0.65
 Colorectal cancer380231.01.04 (0.27–3.92)1.04 (0.32–3.31)1.16 (0.33–4.12)0.84
 Gynecologic cancer262191.00.82 (0.18–3.77)1.04 (0.32–3.35)N/Ab0.38
 Other cancer437671.01.20 (0.54–2.67)1.21 (0.66–2.23)0.49 (0.21–1.15)0.25
CVD-specific mortality
All survivors2,0171451.00.74 (0.45–1.22)0.67 (0.44–1.03)0.92 (0.57–1.47)0.40
 Breast cancer938661.00.55 (0.27–1.14)0.50 (0.27–0.93)0.67 (0.33–1.37)0.10
 Colorectal cancer380311.02.05 (0.62–6.83)1.54 (0.49–4.87)2.61 (0.78–8.71)0.19
 Gynecologic cancer262161.0N/Ab0.46 (0.12–1.71)1.05 (0.27–4.15)0.83
 Other cancer437321.01.20 (0.40–3.58)0.74 (0.29–1.89)0.78 (0.25–2.39)0.49
  • aAdjusted for age, total number of comorbid conditions (accumulated, 1986–2004), perceived general health and current smoking, cancer stage, cancer type, cancer treatment (surgery, chemotherapy), subsequent cancer diagnosis before 2004, current cancer treatment, and person-years since cancer diagnosis.

  • bNo cancer death in this category.