Table 4.

HR and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for all-cause, cancer-specific, and CVD-specific mortality by the WCRF/AICR body weight, physical activity, and dietary recommendation adherence scores

Physical activity recommendation adherence score
00.51.0Ptrend
All-cause mortality
 Model 1a1.00.64 (0.50–0.81)0.64 (0.48–0.85)0.0001
 Model 2b1.00.62 (0.48–0.79)0.62 (0.47–0.83)<0.0001
Cancer-specific mortality
 Model 1a1.00.63 (0.43–0.92)0.74 (0.49–1.11)0.05
 Model 2b1.00.61 (0.42–0.91)0.72 (0.47–1.10)0.04
CVD-specific mortality
 Model 1a1.00.70 (0.46–1.09)0.63 (0.37–1.07)0.04
 Model 2b1.00.68 (0.44–1.05)0.60 (0.35–1.03)0.03
Dietary recommendation adherence scorec
<4.04.0>4.0Ptrend
All-cause mortality
 Model 1a1.00.94 (0.75–1.18)0.77 (0.62–0.96)0.02
 Model 2b1.00.95 (0.76–1.19)0.80 (0.64–1.00)0.046
Cancer-specific mortality
 Model 1a1.00.84 (0.59–1.20)0.74 (0.52–1.05)0.09
 Model 2b1.00.86 (0.60–1.23)0.76 (0.53–1.09)0.14
CVD-specific mortality
 Model 1a1.00.84 (0.55–1.30)0.97 (0.66–1.43)0.91
 Model 2b1.00.84 (0.55–1.30)1.00 (0.68–1.46)1.00
Body weight recommendation adherence score
00.51.0Ptrend
All-cause mortality
 Model 1a1.00.92 (0.72–1.19)1.22 (0.96–1.55)0.06
 Model 2b1.00.98 (0.76–1.27)1.34 (1.05–1.72)0.009
Cancer-specific mortality
 Model 1a1.00.90 (0.60–1.38)1.16 (0.79–1.70)0.35
 Model 2b1.00.93 (0.62–1.39)1.26 (0.85–1.86)0.18
CVD-specific mortality
 Model 1a1.00.92 (0.59–1.45)1.14 (0.74–1.75)0.47
 Model 2b1.00.98 (0.62–1.54)1.25 (0.81–1.94)0.27
  • aAdjusted for age, total number of comorbid conditions (accumulated, 1986–2004), perceived general health and current smoking, cancer stage, cancer type, cancer treatment (surgery, chemotherapy), subsequent cancer diagnosis before 2004, current cancer treatment and person years since cancer diagnosis.

  • bAdditional adjustment for the other 2 components of the adherence score (e.g., adherence to the physical activity and dietary recommendations for the analysis of the body weight recommendation adherence).

  • cSum of adherence scores for the 6 dietary recommendations (range: 0–6).