Table 4.

Demographics of all study participants and participants without breast cancer who met a USPSTF pattern by genetic counseling referral status

All Participants who met a USPSTF patterna (n = 552)Participants without breast cancer who met a USPSTF pattern (n = 440)
Demographic characteristics% Referred (n = 107)% Not referred (n = 442)Pb% Referred (n = 60)% Not referred (n = 380)Pb
Age group
 50 years or younger31.431.10.92548.334.50.003
 51–60 years45.838.10.03338.338.40.984
 61 years or older22.830.80.01113.327.1<0.0001
Racec
 White non-Hispanic73.763.80.00264.463.50.833
 Black non-Hispanic17.930.6<0.000128.830.10.755
 All other8.55.70.1496.8d6.40.871
Marital status
 Married/partner/significant other65.466.80.69471.768.70.475
 Divorced/separated20.618.50.46513.317.90.154
 Single/never married7.57.40.9396.7d7.10.850
 Widowed6.57.40.6068.36.30.422
Education level
 < High School/high school graduate21.233.6<0.000123.331.60.037
 College < 4 years30.932.50.61733.332.40.824
 College 4 years or more19.519.30.93518.320.50.542
 Graduate degree28.414.6<0.000125.015.50.016
Household income
 < $35,00015.722.10.01613.319.70.047
 $35,000 – < $50,00016.117.80.54115.017.60.429
 $50,000 – < $75,00022.424.70.46220.025.00.181
 ≥ $75,00045.835.50.00451.737.60.002

NOTE: All prevalence estimates are weighted to account for the oversampling of high and elevated objective risk groups. Percentages do not necessarily sum to 100% because of rounding.

  • aWomen with a personal history of breast cancer were considered from the perspective of a hypothetical unaffected sister.

  • bWald χ2comparisons (overall) and t tests (individual levels) were used to contrast demographic characteristics between women referred and not referred for genetic counseling. All significant P values (≤ 0.05) are bolded.

  • cUnknown race excluded. The “all other” race group includes all non-Hispanics from the American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, and Multiracial race groups, as well as Latinas.

  • dThe genetic counseling referral prevalence estimates are unstable because of small sample sizes.