Table 2.

Age-, gender-, race-adjusted sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics of the participants of the AHS-2 by dietary patterns

VariableNon-vegetarianLacto-vegetarianPesco-vegetarianSemi-vegetarianVeganP
Gender
 Male35.6636.2433.8931.0936.94<0.0001
 Female64.3463.7666.1168.9163.06
Age, y
 30–5033.3929.7926.6929.7229.55<0.0001
 51–7045.7643.5844.4842.9146.28
 71+20.8526.6328.8327.3724.17
Race
 White68.6087.4864.9583.5980.38<0.0001
 Black31.4012.5235.0516.4119.62
Education
 ≤High school25.1214.5319.3822.0417.47<0.0001
 Some college30.1724.3225.8827.6337.86
 College grad+44.7161.1554.7450.3344.67
BMI, kg/m2
 <2530.7347.6648.2139.4265.31<0.0001
 25–3037.3333.8735.1036.7924.30
 ≥3131.9418.4716.6923.7910.38
Family history
 Yes34.5837.8234.1535.6835.64<0.0001
 No65.4262.1865.8564.3264.36<0.0001
Alcohol
 Ever48.3627.8537.5539.1734.31<0.0001
 Never51.6472.1562.4560.8365.69
Smoking
 Ever25.5812.2716.8019.9915.86<0.0001
 Never74.4287.7383.2081.0184.14
Exercise
 Low21.5519.8018.9720.2017.46<0.0001
 Medium32.5835.6932.8734.9937.86
 High45.8744.5148.1644.8144.67
OC
 Ever38.6736.6736.4839.7332.27<0.0001
 Never61.3363.3363.5260.2767.73
HRT
 Ever22.4320.3920.9523.8016.24<0.0001
 Never77.5879.6179.0576.2083.76
Menopausal
 Menopausal/Post-menopausal51.2852.4450.9652.3452.52<0.0001
Status
 Pre-menopausal48.7247.5649.0447.6647.48

NOTE: Standardized as appropriate.