Table 3.

Association between mammographic density measures and serum sex-hormone levels

Percentage densityAbsolute dense areaNondense area
Covariates in modelβSEP valueβSEP valueβSEP value
Serum estradiol (n = 671)Age and batch−0.500.08<0.001−57.917.80.001228.628.7<0.001
+BMIa−0.150.080.047−39.319.90.04915.420.80.46
Serum testosterone (n = 682)Age and batch−0.320.09<0.001−49.222.20.03125.231.7<0.001
+BMIa−0.160.080.064−38.622.40.0931.422.80.17
Serum SHBG (n = 682)Age and batch0.840.14<0.00156.232.30.08−435.945.9<0.001
+BMIa0.190.150.197.8236.70.83−68.141.80.10
  • aBMI was added to the model that adjusts for age and batch.