Table 2.

Characteristics of parents and adolescent daughters by Appalachian subregion, 2008–2010 National Immunization Survey-Teen

Northern n = 343North Central n = 402Central n = 200South Central n = 309Southern n = 696
n (weighted%)n (weighted%)n (weighted%)n (weighted%)n (weighted%)P
Daughter characteristics
Age, y
 1378 (21.8)84 (15.9)47 (22.2)60 (19.9)155 (21.3)
 1466 (16.5)82 (19.1)34 (20.0)58 (18.9)142 (20.4)
 1573 (20.8)67 (20.5)47 (22.1)57 (17.7)156 (22.0)
 1663 (19.4)95 (21.4)37 (17.8)66 (21.0)132 (19.5)
 1763 (21.4)74 (23.1)35 (17.8)68 (22.5)111 (16.9)
Race/ethnicitya**
 White, non-Hispanic313 (87.9)367 (86.3)193 (95.6)272 (83.4)518 (65.5)
 Other30 (12.1)35 (13.7)7 (4.4)37 (16.6)178 (34.5)
Visited healthcare provider in last year
 No40 (12.0)43 (11.6)26 (13.8)43 (16.1)92 (17.8)
 Yes303 (88.0)357 (88.4)173 (86.2)266 (83.9)599 (82.2)
Healthcare coverage*
 Through parent employer or union238 (65.8)276 (68.2)110 (51.3)201 (59.6)470 (64.3)
 Other insurance93 (30.6)100 (25.7)82 (43.5)96 (35.4)188 (28.2)
 No insurance12 (3.6)25 (6.1)8 (5.2)11 (4.9)37 (7.5)
Parent characteristics
Mother's age, yb*
 <3524 (7.0)38 (9.1)26 (13.7)14 (5.8)77 (14.7)
 35–44166 (49.0)198 (53.7)116 (59.8)152 (52.7)324 (47.8)
 45+153 (44.0)166 (37.2)58 (26.5)143 (41.5)295 (37.5)
Mother's educationb*
 Less than high school22 (8.0)29 (12.6)38 (23.6)31 (9.1)78 (11.6)
 High school86 (36.2)123 (36.3)57 (32.7)78 (34.1)141 (28.6)
 Some college111 (26.6)114 (27.1)66 (27.8)84 (25.5)222 (28.2)
 College graduate124 (29.2)136 (24.0)39 (15.9)116 (31.3)255 (31.5)
Mother's marital statusb
 Married257 (75.7)300 (77.4)152 (75.6)241 (76.7)506 (69.9)
 Other86 (24.3)102 (22.6)48 (24.4)68 (23.3)190 (30.1)
Heard of HPV*
 No45 (12.6)50 (12.6)38 (18.9)65 (23.6)106 (16.5)
 Yes294 (87.4)348 (87.4)160 (81.1)240 (76.4)580 (83.5)
Heard of HPV vaccine
 No11 (3.9)21 (5.2)13 (7.8)15 (6.9)41 (5.2)
 Yes330 (97.1)379 (94.8)186 (92.2)291 (93.1)648 (94.8)
Received provider recommendation to get daughter HPV vaccine*
 No128 (36.4)165 (40.9)90 (49.7)135 (45.1)338 (50.2)
 Yes208 (63.6)228 (59.1)105 (50.3)164 (54.9)339 (49.7)
Household characteristics
Poverty status**
 Below poverty40 (15.5)66 (21.4)51 (31.6)37 (16.3)115 (19.6)
 Above poverty, ≤$75,000177 (56.3)210 (49.2)99 (50.8)139 (51.6)283 (44.8)
 Above poverty, >$75,000107 (28.2)122 (29.4)46 (17.6)114 (32.1)269 (35.5)
Urbanicity**
 Non-MSA101 (32.7)200 (54.6)151 (78.6)111 (39.3)211 (23.1)
 MSA, noncentral city144 (38.9)112 (30.1)40 (17.0)94 (28.5)333 (53.7)
 MSA, central city98 (28.3)90 (15.3)9 (4.4)104 (32.2)152 (23.3)

NOTE: Totals may not sum to stated sample size because of missing data. Percentages may not sum to 100% because of rounding. Subregion could not be determined for 1 adolescent female living in Appalachia.

*, P < 0.05, **, P < 0.001.

  • Abbreviations: HPV, human papillomavirus; MSA, metropolitan statistical area.

  • aDaughter's race/ethnicity was dichotomized because of the small number of non-White participants.

  • bIf someone other than the mother completed the parent survey, they were asked to provide data on the mother's age, education level, and marital status.